Test Template for Data Mining Publications

Test Template for Data Mining Publications

Dimitrios K. Lymberopoulos (University of Patras, Greece)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-60566-108-7.ch007
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Abstract

The Next Generation Network (NGN) is a very complex environment, where various parties (network operators, services and application providers, integrators, etc.) necessarily cooperate on the provision of advanced converged services. This chapter presents the current status and fundamentals of conventional, converged and bundled valueadded services, and then depicts their transformation into distributed NGN services. The characteristics of NGN services are considered with respect to the architecture of the NGN service stratum and the enterprise framework, both standardized by the International Telecommunications Union (ITU). Finally, the implementation and deployment of interoperable NGN services through open interfaces are considered in conjunction with market trends and the standardization efforts of several international organizations or other independent initiatives, forums, alliances, etc.
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The Current Status Of Telecommunication Services

Covering the communication needs of subscribers continues to be the main business activity in the field of telecommunications. Yet, across the globe, fixed and mobile communications are nearing saturation point, a fact that reduces potential profit margins of carriers and operators whose simultaneous aim is to increase subscriber numbers.

As a result, in recent years telecommunication organizations have focussed on increasing the average revenue per user, rather than the number of subscribers, by introducing new telecommunication services that offer much more than standard voice services. These services are based on the interaction of sound, video and text with unrestricted access to the multimedia, information systems and relevant services, thus providing subscribers with greatly enhanced control over their interactions with the wider world.

These additional services are end-to-end services that operate through dedicated servers and add value to the access network. They are reported as premium pricing services, as their providers have the ability to apply individual deployment and charging policy (premium charging - PRMC) per service, irrespective of the policies applied to the underlying networking infrastructure employed.

The introduction of additional services to fixed and mobile access networks has impelled the providers of the networking infrastructure to provide additional connectivity (premium connectivity) in order to guarantee the required augmented quality per service.

From the point of view of the market, the providers of the additional services cooperate in order to package different premium services offered to the customers as product (bundled service). There follows an analysis of the most important ways in which such additional and bundled services are created and promoted.

Key Terms in this Chapter

UPN: Universal Personal Number.

ANI: Applications Network Interface.

DPE: Distributed Processing Environment.

API: Application Programming Interface.

SLA: Service Level Agreement.

XML: Extensible Markup Language.

UMTS: Universal Mobile Telecommunications System.

GII: Global Information Infrastructure.

WAP: Wireless Application Protocol.

DCOM: Distributed Component Object Model.

RACF: Resource and Admission Control Functions.

SWB: Shared Whiteboarding.

Telco: Telecommunications Operators.

WiMAX: Worldwide Interoperability of Microwave Access.

SMS: Short Message Service.

PSTN: Public Switched Telephone Network.

VDSL: Very high Speed Digital Subscriber Line.

UML: Unified Modelling Language.

W3C: World Wide Web Consortium.

WWRF: Wireless Word Research Forum.

ADSL: Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line.

UNI: User Network Interface.

NACF: Network Attachment Control Function.

ARPU: Average Revenue per User.

IP: Internet Protocol.

SS7: Signaling System No.7.

ETSI: European Telecommunications Standards Institute.

GSM: Global System for Mobile communications.

VPN: Virtual Private Network.

QoS: Quality of Service.

PRMC: Premium Charging.

NGN: Next Generation Networks.

IEEE: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers.

WDM: Wavelength Division Multiplexing.

HGI: Home Gateway Initiative.

IN: Intelligent Network.

NNI: Network Network Interface.

ANSI: American National Standards Institute.

IDL: Interface Definition Language.

VoD: Video on Demand.

CORBA: Common Object Request Broker Architecture.

3GPP: 3rd Generation Partnership Project.

ISDN: Integrated Services Digital Network.

OSI: Open System Interconnection.

FMCA: Fixed-Mobile Convergence Alliance.

ITU: International Telecommunication Union.

OSA: Open Service Access.

IETF: Internet Engineering Task Force.

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Editorial Advisory Board
Table of Contents
Foreword
Robert A. Walker, Drew Parker
Preface
Stavros Kotsopoulos, Konstantinos Ioannou
Acknowledgment
Chapter 1
Dzmitry Kliazovich, Michael Devetsikiotis, Fabrizio Granelli
The layering principle has been long identified as a way to increase the interoperability and to improve the design of telecommunication protocols... Sample PDF
Formal Methods in Cross Layer Modeling and Optimization of Wireless Networks: State of the Art and Future Directions
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Chapter 2
Dimitris Toumpakaris, Jungwon Lee
This chapter presents an introduction to cross-layer scheduling and resource allocation for wireless systems and an overview of some of the... Sample PDF
Cross-Layer Resource Allocation and Scheduling for Wireless Systems
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Chapter 3
Prashant Pillai
IP multicast mechanisms provide efficient bandwidth consumption and distribution of high volume contents such as audio/video streaming... Sample PDF
An AAA Framework for IP Multicast Communication in Next Generation Networks
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Chapter 4
N. Merlemis, D. Zevgolis
This chapter is an introduction of the Wavelength-division multiplexing (WDM) technologies (such as Dense WDM and coarse WDM) and their recent... Sample PDF
Wavelength Division Multiplexing Technologies and their Applications
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Chapter 5
Sotiris Karabetsos, Spiros Mikroulis, Athanase Nassiopoulos
The high capacity offered by the optical fiber, combined with the mobility and the flexibility of wireless access, either fixed or not, provides an... Sample PDF
Radio over Fiber for Broadband Communications: A Promising Technology for Next Generation Networks
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Chapter 6
Konstantinos Birkos
High Altitude Stratospheric Platforms (HASPs) have gained much of attention from the scientific society and the communication industry in the recent... Sample PDF
High Altitude Stratospheric Platforms (HASPs)
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Chapter 7
Dimitrios K. Lymberopoulos
The Next Generation Network (NGN) is a very complex environment, where various parties (network operators, services and application providers... Sample PDF
Test Template for Data Mining Publications
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Chapter 8
Konstantinos S. Kotsopoulos
Next Generation Networks (NGNs) will accommodate heterogeneous architectures that need to be managed in order to provide services with high QoS to... Sample PDF
The Adoption of Service-Oriented Architecture (SOA) in Managing Next Generation Networks (NGNs)
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Chapter 9
Ioannis Papapanagiotou, Georgios S. Paschos
The present chapter contains a thorough investigation of Quality of Service, Energy Conservation and mobility in 802.11 and 802.16 standards.... Sample PDF
A Case Study on the QoS, Energy Consumption and Mobility of WLANs and WMANs
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Chapter 10
Panagiotis Kasimatis, Dimitra Varla
This chapter deals with the description of the various applied Mobile System Architectures, showing the evolution path towards the IP Convergence... Sample PDF
Mobile Telecom System Architectures—IMS an Evolution Path Towards IP Convergence
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Chapter 11
Peter Brida, Peter Cepel, Jan Duha
This chapter deals with mobile positioning in wireless heterogeneous next generation networks. Positioning process is analyzed and the chapter gives... Sample PDF
Mobile Positioning in Next Generation Networks
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Chapter 12
Anthony Ioannidis, Jiorgis Kritsotakis
Convergence in the communication industry is a reality – networks are being integrated, digital devices are being unified, and organizations seeking... Sample PDF
Converged Networks and Seamless Mobility: Lessons from Experience
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Chapter 13
Costas Chaikalis, Felip Riera-Palou
Modern and future wireless communication systems such as UMTS and beyond 3G systems (B3G) are expected to support very high data rates to/from... Sample PDF
Efficient Receiver Implementation for Mobile Applications
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Chapter 14
Apostolos Georgiadis, Carles Fernández Prades
Multi-antenna systems incorporating smart antenna techniques present numerous advantages compared to their single antenna counterparts including... Sample PDF
Novel Multi-Antenna and Smart Antenna Techniques for Next Generation Wireless Communication Networks
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Chapter 15
Stelios A. Mitilineos, Christos N. Capsalis, Stelios C.A. Thomopoulos
Small-scale fading strongly affects the performance of a radio link; therefore radio channel simulation tools and models are broadly being used in... Sample PDF
Simulation of Small-Scale Fading in Mobile Channel Models for Next-Generation Wireless Communications
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Chapter 16
Petros Karadimas
This chapter studies a composite stochastic model, in which the diffuse component arises from three dimensional (3-D) multipath scattering. That... Sample PDF
Stochastic Modeling of Narrowband Fading Channels with Three Dimensional Diffuse Scattering
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Chapter 17
Anastasios Papazafeiropoulos
As a consequence of the growing interest in wireless communications systems, much effort is being devoted to the channel characterization and... Sample PDF
Channel Characterization and Modelling for Mobile Communications
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Chapter 18
Fotis C. Kitsios, Spyros P. Angelopoulos, John Zannetopoulos
There is no doubt that e-government is a phenomenon of our era. E-business is becoming vital on the private sector as well as in the governmental... Sample PDF
Innovation and E-Government: An in Depth Overview on E-Services
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Chapter 19
Spyros P. Angelopoulos, Fotis C. Kitsios, Eduard Babulak
Telecommunications and Internet Technologies have evolved dramatically during the last decade, laying a solid foundation for the future generation... Sample PDF
From E to U: Towards an Innovative Digital Era
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Chapter 20
Fotis C. Kitsios
Nowadays that the world depends more and more in services, there is no issue more fundamental for service organizations than understanding the... Sample PDF
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Chapter 21
D. M. Emiris
Auctioning over Wireless Networks, constitutes an attractive emerging class for m-commerce applications and formulates a procurement negotiation... Sample PDF
The Expansion of E-Marketplace to M-Marketplace by Integrating Mobility and Auctions in a Location-Sensitive Environment: Application in Procurement of Logistics Services
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Chapter 22
Achilles D. Kameas
This chapter describes a human centric approach for designing and deploying ubiquitous computing applications. These are considered as activity... Sample PDF
Deploying Ubiquitous Computing Applications on Heterogeneous Next Generation Networks
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Chapter 23
Eduard Babulak, Konstantinos G. Ioannou, Athanasios Ioannou
Transportation and Internet Technologies have evolved dramatically during the last decade, laying solid foundation for the future generation of the... Sample PDF
Channel Management Schemes to Support Services in Ubiquitous Communications Infrastructures for Future Transportation Technologies
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