Wireless communication is a technical and business revolution. Mobile phones are a common site in most cities around the world. Wireless personal and local area networks provide digital connectivity among mobile computing devices, including desktop, laptops and personal digital assistants (PDA). This chapter focuses on the competing standards that are vying for dominance in the booming wireless market. To prepare the reader, a broad review of wireless technology is provided. The various organizations that support the competition standards are outlined. The chapter concludes with some predictions, anticipating the outcomes of a very volatile marketplace.