Integrating Traffic Flow Features to Characterize the Interference in Vehicular Ad Hoc Networks

Integrating Traffic Flow Features to Characterize the Interference in Vehicular Ad Hoc Networks

Lili Du (Purdue University, USA), Satish Ukkusuri (Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, USA) and Shivkumar Kalyanaraman (Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, USA)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-60566-338-8.ch009
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Vehicular Ad Hoc Networks (VANETs) are composed of vehicles equipped with advanced wireless communication devices. As a paradigm of decentralized advanced traveler information systems (ATIS), VANETs have obtained interests of researchers in both communication and transportation fields. The research in this chapter investigates several fundamental issues, such as the connectivity, the reachability, the interference, and the capacity, with respect to information propagation in VANETs. The authors’ work is distinguished with previous efforts, since they incorporate the characteristics of traffic into these issues in the communication layer of VANETs; this mainly addresses the issue of the interference. Previous efforts to solve this problem only consider static network topologies. However, high node mobility and dynamic traffic features make the interference problem in VANETs quite different. To investigate this problem, this chapter first demonstrates the interference features in VANETs incorporating realistic traffic flow features based on a validated simulation model. Then, analytical expressions are developed to evaluate the interference under different traffic flow conditions. These analytical expressions are validated within the simulation framework. The results show that the analytical expressions perform very well to capture the interference in VANETs. The results from this work can facilitate the development of better algorithms for maximizing throughput in the VANETs.

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Editorial Advisory Board
Table of Contents
Thomas R. Kurfess
Huaqun Guo
Huaqun Guo
Chapter 1
Huaqun Guo
Emerging vehicular networks in the forms of Intra-Vehicle (InV), Vehicle-to-Vehicle (V2V), and Vehicleto- Infrastructure (V2I) communications will... Sample PDF
Introduction: An Emerging Area of Vehicular Networks and Data Exchange
Chapter 2
Sohel Anwar
An overview of the drive by wire technology is presented along with in-depth coverage of salient drive by systems such as throttle-by-wire... Sample PDF
Drive by Wire Systems: Impact on Vehicle Safety and Performance
Chapter 3
Todd H. Hubing
Engineers and engineering managers involved in the design of automotive electronic systems need to have a basic familiarity with electronic noise... Sample PDF
Electromagnetic Compatibility Issues in Automotive Communications
Chapter 4
Fabienne Nouvel, Wilfried Gouret, Patrice Mazério, Ghais El Zein
This chapter deals with automotive networks and the emerging requirements involved by the X-by-wire and X-tainment applications. The introduction of... Sample PDF
Automotive Network Architecture for ECUs Communications
Chapter 5
Lek Heng Ngoh
The use of in-car networked electronic controller units (ECUs) for monitoring and control of various vehicle subsystems has become a common practice... Sample PDF
Enabling Secure Wireless Real-Time Vehicle Monitoring and Control
Chapter 6
Xiaobo Long, Biplab Sikdar
Numerous efforts are currently under progress to enhance the safety and efficiency of vehicular traffic through intelligent transportation systems.... Sample PDF
MAC and Routing Protocols for Vehicle to Vehicle Communications
Chapter 7
Raúl Aquino-Santos, Víctor Rangel-Licea, Miguel A. García-Ruiz, Apolinar González-Potes, Omar Álvarez-Cardenas, Arthur Edwards-Block
This chapter proposes a new routing algorithm that allows communication in vehicular ad hoc networks. In vehicular ad hoc networks, the transmitter... Sample PDF
Inter-Vehicular Communications Using Wireless Ad Hoc Networks
Chapter 8
Nicholas F. Maxemchuk, Patcharinee Tientrakool, Theodore L. Willke
Cyber-physical systems use sensing, communications, and computing to control the operation of physical devices. Sensing and computing devices have... Sample PDF
The Role of Communications in Cyber-Physical Vehicle Applications
Chapter 9
Lili Du, Satish Ukkusuri, Shivkumar Kalyanaraman
Vehicular Ad Hoc Networks (VANETs) are composed of vehicles equipped with advanced wireless communication devices. As a paradigm of decentralized... Sample PDF
Integrating Traffic Flow Features to Characterize the Interference in Vehicular Ad Hoc Networks
Chapter 10
Ziyuan Wang, Lars Kulik, Kotagiri Ramamohanarao
Congestion is a major challenge in today’s road traffic. The primary cause is bottlenecks such as ramps leading onto highways, or lane blockage due... Sample PDF
Proactive Traffic Merging Strategies for Sensor-Enabled Cars
Chapter 11
Javier Ibañez-Guzmán
The next paradigm towards enhancing vehicle safety and road transportation represent cooperative systems. Advances in computer and communications... Sample PDF
The Localisation Problem in Cooperative Vehicle Applications
Chapter 12
Denis Gingras
In this chapter, the authors will review the problem of estimating in real-time the position of a vehicle for use in land navigation systems. After... Sample PDF
An Overview of Positioning and Data Fusion Techniques Applied to Land Vehicle Navigation Systems
Chapter 13
Giorgio Calandriello, Antonio Lioy
Privacy, security, and reliability are key requirements in deploying vehicular ad-hoc networks (VANET). Without those the VANET technology won’t be... Sample PDF
Efficient and Reliable Pseudonymous Authentication
Chapter 14
Valentin Cristea, Victor Gradinescu, Cristian Gorgorin, Raluca Diaconescu, Liviu Iftode
This chapter systematically presents actual issues regarding the simulation of VANET applications. Some of them refer to challenges in developing... Sample PDF
Simulation of VANET Applications
Chapter 15
Syed Masud Mahmud
New types of communication networks will be necessary to meet various consumer and regulatory demands as well as satisfy requirements of safety and... Sample PDF
In-Vehicle Network Architecture for the Next-Generation Vehicles
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