In this new context, Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning (CSCL) emerges as an innovative pedagogical support. Collaborative learning consists of small groups working together to complete academic tasks, which involve a range of objectives, such as searching for facts, applying skills, concepts and principles, problem solving and creative thinking. The teacher acts as the coordinator, setting guidelines, encouraging cooperation, reviewing performance and uniting the groups (Woodbine, 1997). Collaborative learning works positively in promoting inter-group relations, and can help to overcome barriers to friendship, interaction and achievement of academically less able students, and can increase self-esteem.
Key Terms in this Chapter
Instructional Design: Instructional Design is the systematic development of instructional specifications using learning and instructional theory to ensure the quality of instruction. It is the entire process of analysis of learning needs and goals and the development of a delivery system to meet those needs. It includes development of instructional materials and activities; and tryout and evaluation of all instruction and learner activities (Gagné et al., 1992)
Cooperative Learning: Cooperative Learning is accomplished by the division of labor among participants, as an activity where each person is responsible for a portion of the problem solving. The technological support to this kind of activities is called Computer-Supported Cooperative Learning. (Dillenbourg et al., 1996).
Workflow Management System: A system that defines, creates and manages the execution of workflows through the use of software, running on one or more workflow engines, which is able to interpret the process definition, interact with workflow participants and, where required, invoke the use of IT tools and applications (Allen, 2006).
Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning (CSCL): Collaborative work involves the mutual engagement of participants in a coordinated effort to solve the problem together. The technological support to this kind of activities is called Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning (Dillenbourg et al., 1996).
Workflow: The automation of a business process, in whole or part, during which documents, information or tasks are passed from one participant to another for action, according to a set of procedural rules (Allen, 2006).
Project-Based Learning: Model for classroom activity that shifts away from the classroom practices of short, isolated, teacher-centered lessons and instead emphasizes learning activities that are long-term, interdisciplinary, student-centered, and integrated with real world issues and practices
Groupware: Software designed to help teams or groups of people work together