Paleolithic: Unity

Paleolithic: Unity

DOI: 10.4018/978-1-7998-1706-2.ch005
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The examples of Paleolithic painting, their dating and cultural context are given. Basically, these are the works found in the caves of Chauvet, Altamira, Lascaux. The features of space depicting and some other features of the images been analyzed. Their difference from the contemporary patterns of space depicting been discussed. The connection of such signs with the levels of subjective space is established, which allows us to judge the development of its channels. The origin of the World Tree myth dates back to the Paleolithic epoch, there are very few images to judge upon its plot. Nevertheless, it is possible to reconstruct the Paleolithic version of the myth, based upon indirect signs. It also gives the chance to judge upon the state of mind of the Paleolithic humans. The results of the reconstruction of the mind and behavior of the Paleolithic human are presented in the form of a generalized psychological portrait and description of the behavior pattern.
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Space In Paleolithic Painting

Samples of a primitive painting are known all over the continents except Antarctica. The oldest of them date from 60 thousand years ago, and the new ones are being created by our contemporaries who live in the distant “corners” of our planet. According to its geographic scope and time evidence, the primitive painting has been the unprecedented human creative works. At the same time, it remains amazingly homogeneous, recognizable, and makes the viewer feel strong impressions.

The phenomenon of primitive painting has been studied for more than a century. It should be noted that any work is unconditionally individual - and nevertheless, it possesses a certain “spirit of the epoch”, evident in the canonized artistic methods, social tastes, typed of mentality. The similarity of these features determines the homogeneity and recognition of primitive painting and makes it possible to evaluate the mind of a primitive human.

To perform such a reconstruction, it is necessary to solve the following tasks beforehand:

  • Consider the localization and periodization of the works of primitive arts.

  • Present a visual series of the most outstanding and illustrative works.

  • Identify the features of space painting, including the comparison of the paintings with the other manifestations of material culture.

  • To give the interpretation of a primitive human’s state of mind.

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