Regional Risks Assessment

Regional Risks Assessment

František Božek (University of Defence, Czech Republic), Josef Navrátil (University of Defence, Czech Republic), Jirí Dvorák (University of Defence, Czech Republic) and Miloš Božek (Military Garrison 5525, Czech Republic)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-60960-156-0.ch004

Abstract

The index method, which enables a complex assessment of regional risks, is described. The method is based on the comparison of critical indicators with the acquired data on basic levels of every assessed sphere and their subsequent transformation into non-dimensional integrated indexes. The integrated risk index value of (i+1)-area of given sphere may be calculated as a weighted average of individual risk indexes of i-area. The Saaty´s method has been chosen for determining the weights of risk indexes. The proposed method enables the comparison of otherwise non-comparable risk spheres. The applicability of the method in practice has been verified by the assessment of environmental and technological risks in a selected region. The aim of the method is to provide state administration and self-administration bodies with a tool which may help them in their effort to prevent the probability of activation of threats, reduce the consequences of undesirable events, increase the effectiveness of reconstruction and set priorities in the risk assessment process.
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The Analysis Of Current State

The primary goal of implementing risk management, which has a generic basis in the Environmental Impact Assessment, is to prevent the activation of threats (hazards). The secondary goal is to reduce the consequences of undesirable events and to make the reconstruction of a subject, system or a territory more effective (Bozek, 2008b). Such a requirement may be fulfilled only under the assumption that risk management is applied already on the basic levels of individual spheres of regional life. Therefore the general algorithm of risk management has to become familiar to the state administration and self-administration bodies.

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