Customer Relationship Management and Knowledge Discovery in Database

Customer Relationship Management and Knowledge Discovery in Database

Jounghae Bang (Kookmin University, Korea), Nikhilesh Dholakiam (University of Rhode Island, USA), Lutz Hamel (University of Rhode Island, USA) and Seung-Kyoon Shin (University of Rhode Island, USA)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-60566-026-4.ch144
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Abstract

Customer relationships are increasingly central to business success (Kotler, 1997; Reichheld & Sasser, 1990). Acquiring new customers is five to seven times costlier than retaining existing customers (Kotler, 1997). Simply by reducing customer defections by 5%, a company can improve profits by 25% to 85% (Reichheld & Sasser, 1990). Relationship marketing—getting to know customers intimately by understanding their preferences—has emerged as a key business strategy for customer retention (Dyche, 2002). Internet and related technologies offer amazing possibilities for creating and sustaining ideal customer relationships (Goodhue, Wixom, & Watson, 2002; Ives, 1990; Moorman, Zaltman, & Deshpande, 1992). Internet is not only an important and convenient new channel for promotion, transactions, and business process coordination; it is also a source of customer data (Shaw, Subramaniam, Tan, & Welge, 2001). Huge customer data warehouses are being created using advanced database technologies (Fayyad, Piatetsky- Shapiro, & Smyth, 1996). Customer data warehouses by themselves offer no competitive advantages: insightful customer knowledge must be extracted from such data (Kim, Kim, & Lee, 2002). Valuable marketing insights about customer characteristics and their purchase patterns, however, are often hidden and untapped (Shaw et al., 2001). Data mining and knowledge discovery in databases (KDD) facilitate extraction of valuable knowledge from rapidly growing volumes of data (Mackinnon, 1999; Fayyad et al., 1996). This article provides a brief review of customer relationship issues. The article focuses on: (1) customer relationship management (CRM) technologies, (2) KDD techniques, and (3) Key CRM-KDD linkages in terms of relationship marketing. The article concludes with the observations about the state-of-the-art and future directions.
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Introduction

Customer relationships are increasingly central to business success (Kotler, 1997; Reichheld & Sasser, 1990). Acquiring new customers is five to seven times costlier than retaining existing customers (Kotler, 1997). Simply by reducing customer defections by 5%, a company can improve profits by 25% to 85% (Reichheld & Sasser, 1990). Relationship marketing—getting to know customers intimately by understanding their preferences—has emerged as a key business strategy for customer retention (Dyche, 2002).

Internet and related technologies offer amazing possibilities for creating and sustaining ideal customer relationships (Goodhue, Wixom, & Watson, 2002; Ives, 1990; Moorman, Zaltman, & Deshpande, 1992). Internet is not only an important and convenient new channel for promotion, transactions, and business process coordination; it is also a source of customer data (Shaw, Subramaniam, Tan, & Welge, 2001). Huge customer data warehouses are being created using advanced database technologies (Fayyad, Piatetsky-Shapiro, & Smyth, 1996).

Customer data warehouses by themselves offer no competitive advantages: insightful customer knowledge must be extracted from such data (Kim, Kim, & Lee, 2002). Valuable marketing insights about customer characteristics and their purchase patterns, however, are often hidden and untapped (Shaw et al., 2001). Data mining and knowledge discovery in databases (KDD) facilitate extraction of valuable knowledge from rapidly growing volumes of data (Mackinnon, 1999; Fayyad et al., 1996).

This article provides a brief review of customer relationship issues. The article focuses on: (1) customer relationship management (CRM) technologies, (2) KDD techniques, and (3) Key CRM-KDD linkages in terms of relationship marketing. The article concludes with the observations about the state-of-the-art and future directions.

Key Terms in this Chapter

Electronic Commerce (E-Commerce): Any business done electronically. The electronic business where information technology is applied to all aspects of company’s operations.

Knowledge Discovery in Databases (KDD): The process of data selection, sampling, pre-processing, cleaning, transformation, dimension reduction, analysis, visualization, and evaluation for the purpose of finding hidden knowledge from massive databases.

Data Mining (DM): The process of searching and analyzing data in order to find latent but potentially valuable information and to identify patterns and establish relationships from a huge database.

Online Analytical Processing (OLAP): Various types of online query-driven analyses for examining stored data. OLAP enables a user to easily and selectively extract and view data from different points-of-view.

CRM Systems: Technological part of CRM. Computers and all other information technologies used to help CRM are included.

Customer Relationship Management (CRM): A core business strategy that promotes interactions and creates and delivers value to targeted customers to improve customer satisfaction and customer retention at a profit. It is grounded in high quality customer data and enabled by information technology.

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