Self-Construction in Computer Mediated Discourse

Self-Construction in Computer Mediated Discourse

Irit Kupferberg (Levinsky College of Education, Israel)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-59904-970-0.ch026
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Abstract

This chapter presents and illustrates the theoretical and methodological frameworks of a discourse-oriented approach to the study of self-construction in computer-mediated discourse (CMD). It is argued that this approach is suitable for the study of CMD, when the major traces of self are imprinted in discourse – language used in a specific context. Espousing functionalist approaches to discourse analysis which view language resources as the building blocks of human communication the approach foregrounds the process of discursive positioning – a central theoretical construct and a methodological principle. It also shows how micro- and macro-levels of analysis can be integrated in the exploration of self-construction in CMD.

Key Terms in this Chapter

Micro- and macro analyses: A close examination of discourse in order to highlight explicit and implicit features of the interaction. Macro-discourse analysis views discourse as an abstract entity that should be defined but which does not necessarily require a close examination of actual texts.

Global coherence: The central theme of the text that is accomplished via the interlocutors’ interactional process of interpretation.

Positioning resources: Self-displaying language devices such as repetition, use of syntactic structures and figurative language that interlocutors use to locate themselves in discourse.

Discursive positioning: A theoretical construct and a heuristic procedure. Theoretically, it is defined as a process during which interlocurters locate themselves in relation to others in ongoing conversation. As a heuristic procedure, it enables the researcher to divide the text into several levels or worlds that are related to theory in an interpretive interface.

Interpretive interface: An integrative level of analysis in which the researcher interprets or clarifies the meaning of the text by relating to micro- and macro-discourse analyses.

Discourse and Text: Discourse is defined as language used in social, cultural and historical contexts. Text is defined as any discourse that is fixed by writing.

Self-construction: Self-construction is often accomplished in the stories humans narrate. The term is ambiguous since it refers to narrators’ construction of self in various settings via different positioning resources. It also refers to the researcher’s interpretation of the narrators’ production of self.

Functionalist approaches: These approaches advocate micro-analytic study of language. They share the tenet that language resources constitute the building-blocks of interpersonal social communication, self-construction and learning processes.

Discourse Analysis: Discourse analysis can be micro-, or macro-analytic. Current scholarship calls for the construction of an interpretive interface between micro-and macro-levels of analysis.

Context: non-linguistic resources such as time, location and prior knowledge that interlocutors employ in the process of meaning-making or interpretation.

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Table of Contents
Foreword
Thomas Hansson
Preface
Thomas Hansson
Acknowledgment
Thomas Hansson
Chapter 1
Abdul Azad
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The Modular Design of an Internet-Based Laboratory
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Chapter 2
Carl Bagley
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Exploring Multimedia Performance in Educational Research
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Chapter 3
Mads Bo-Kristensen, Bente Meyer
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Transformations of the Language Laboratory
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Chapter 4
Leena Hiltunen, Tommi Kärkkäinen
A topic-case driven methodology for a web course design and realization process is based on software engineering metaphors for capturing the... Sample PDF
A Topic-Case Driven Methodology for Web Course Design
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Chapter 5
Hamish Holewa
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New Paradigms: A Collaborative Web Based Research Tool
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Chapter 6
Jonas Ivarsson, Göran Karlsson
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Chapter 7
Andrew Kitchenham
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One to One Computing and Teacher Transformation
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Chapter 8
Gennadiy Kuleshov
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Web Enhanced vs. Traditional Approach for a Science Course
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Chapter 9
José Luis Lalueza, Isabel Crespo, Marc Bria
Through a case study, we will exemplify how ICT can be used in a collaborative way to constitute the foundations of intercultural projects in local... Sample PDF
Microcultures, Local Communities, and Virtual Networks
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Chapter 10
Monica E. Nilsson
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Digital Storytelling as a Tool in Education
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Chapter 11
Nancy Sardone, Roberta Devlin-Scherer
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Chapter 12
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Chapter 13
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Authentic E-Learning in a Virtual Scientific Conference
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Chapter 14
Albino Claudio Bosio, Guendaline Graffigna, Edoardo Lozza
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Chapter 15
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Chapter 16
Leah Herner-Patnode, Hea-Jin Lee, Eun-ok Baek
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Reflective E-Learning Pedagogy
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Chapter 17
Louise Limberg, Mikael Alexandersson, Annika Lantz-Andersson
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Chapter 18
Heather Lotherington
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Chapter 19
John Paul Loucky
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Improving Online Readability and Information Literacy
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Chapter 20
Anoush Margaryan, Betty Collis
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Technology-Enhanced Learning in the Corporate Context
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Chapter 21
Robert J. McClelland
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Virtual Learning Environment Blends
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Chapter 22
Kathryn Moyle, Robert Fitzgerald
An emerging trend in education research methods is to integrate digital technologies into the research process. Electronic focus groups represent... Sample PDF
Education Research with Electronic Focus Groups
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Chapter 23
Staffan Selander, Anna Åkerfeldt
School pedagogy is being questioned. Increasing migration as well as increasing access to information and new patterns of communication are... Sample PDF
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Chapter 24
Thomas Hansson
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Communication and Relation Building in Social Systems
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Chapter 25
Agnes Kukulska-Hulme
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Chapter 26
Irit Kupferberg
This chapter presents and illustrates the theoretical and methodological frameworks of a discourse-oriented approach to the study of... Sample PDF
Self-Construction in Computer Mediated Discourse
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Chapter 27
Jeanette Lemmergaard, Damien Brigth, Christopher Gersbo-Møller, Tim Hansson
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Design and Implementation of Trust Enabling Functions
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Chapter 28
Steve McRobb, Pat Jefferies, Bernd Carsten Stahl
In this chapter, a framework which models at a high level the interactions between technology, pedagogy and ethics is applied to the interpretation... Sample PDF
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Chapter 29
Konrad Morgan, Madeleine Morgan
Since the inception of the Internet in the late 1960´s, technological advances in the field of Information Communications Technology (ICT) have... Sample PDF
Ethical Issues in Digital Information Technology
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Chapter 30
Olli Mäkinen
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Philosophy of Web-Based Mediation
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Chapter 31
Lars-Erik Nilsson, Anders Eklöf, Torgny Ottoson
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Unstructured Information as a Socio-Technical Dilemma
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Chapter 32
Anders D. Olofsson, Ola J. Lindberg
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An Ethical Perspective on ICT in the Context of the Other
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Chapter 33
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