Handbook of Research on Teaching Ethics in Business and Management Education

Handbook of Research on Teaching Ethics in Business and Management Education

Charles Wankel (St. John's University, USA) and Agata Stachowicz-Stanusch (Silesian University of Technology, Poland)
Release Date: December, 2011|Copyright: © 2012 |Pages: 750
ISBN13: 9781613505106|ISBN10: 1613505108|EISBN13: 9781613505113|DOI: 10.4018/978-1-61350-510-6


The outset of the 21st century was replete with numerous corruption scandals and a financial crisis, which spawned inquiry into the goals, stances, and curricula of business schools. Such concerns were bolstered by a seeming ethical disorientation by many businesses and businesspeople. Rather than developing business students who are skilled in creating codes of ethics, business schools should aim to develop educational models for future business leaders with ethical substance.

The Handbook of Research on Teaching Ethics in Business and Management Education is an examination of the inattention of business schools to moral education. This reference addresses lessons learned from the most recent business corruption scandals and financial crises, and also questions what we’re teaching now and what should be considered in educating future business leaders to cope with the challenges of leading with integrity in the global environment. The book is a comprehensive collection of research from experts in the field of business education and information ethics.

Topics Covered

The many academic areas covered in this publication include, but are not limited to:

  • Business Decision Making
  • Business Ethics
  • Character Development
  • Defining Integrity
  • Ethical and Cognitive Concepts
  • Ethical Decision-making
  • International Business Ethics
  • Management Education
  • Management Ethics
  • Reinventing Management Training

Reviews and Testimonials

This book is like a conclave of scholars from around the world, reflecting a diversity of backgrounds and perspectives, synergistically sharing knowledge, experience, aspirations and speculations on how morality should best be taught in a global economy.

– Charles Wankel, St. John's University, USA, and Agata Stachowicz-Stanusch, Silesian University of Technology, Poland

Table of Contents and List of Contributors

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Editorial Advisory Board
Table of Contents
Charles Wankel, Agata Stachowicz-Stanusch
Chapter 1
Charles Wankel, Agata Stachowicz-Stanusch
Teaching Business Ethics in an Epoch of Catastrophes
Chapter 2
Matthew R. Fairholm, Gilbert W. Fairholm
This chapter argues that today’s society renders traditional management practice incomplete. To better position managers in their organizations... Sample PDF
Reinventing Management Training: How Spiritual Values Change the Practice of Modern Management and of Managerial Education
Chapter 3
Susan S. Case, J. Goosby Smith
This chapter explores how accumulated wisdom from the sacred texts of Judaism, Christianity and Islam, the Torah, Talmud, Bible, and Qur’an, provide... Sample PDF
Contemporary Application of Traditional Wisdom: Using the Torah, Bible, and Qur’an in Ethics Education
Chapter 4
Dennis P. Heaton, Fred Travis, Ravi Subramaniam
Management education is seeking creative innovations that can have a real impact on integrity. In this chapter, the authors present our recent... Sample PDF
A Consciousness-Based Approach to Management Education for Integrity
Chapter 5
Nigel Duncan, Alwyn Jones
Students can learn to analyse questions of ethics from the philosophical perspectives of duties, consequences and virtues. This includes the... Sample PDF
Developing Reflection on Values as a Foundation for a Business Career
Chapter 6
Kathryn Pavlovich
This chapter explores the interface between spirituality and integrity, and focuses particularly on educational processes that may facilitate this... Sample PDF
Management Education for Developing Spiritual Integrity
Chapter 7
Hussain G. Rammal
The areas of ethics and social responsibility have increasingly become important in the study of international business and are now covered at the... Sample PDF
A Global Approach towards Teaching Ethics in International Business
Chapter 8
Jane Robbins
Business schools thus have an obligation to teach students to engage with ethical complexity as part of preparing them for their future roles as... Sample PDF
Defining Integrity for Individuals and Organizations: A Cognitive-Linguistic Modeling Approach
Chapter 9
Carolyn Roper, Cynthia Roberts
The need for ethical leadership continues to become increasingly important as the environment grows more interconnected and complex. Educators are... Sample PDF
Is It Ethical? A Multidimensional Approach to Facilitating Ethical Decision Making in Students
Chapter 10
Jay Finkelman, Louise Kelly
This chapter looks at some of the psychological underpinnings of rule breaking behavior in business -what drives rule breaking behavior and how can... Sample PDF
Management Ethics: The Psychology of Positive vs. Destructive Rule Breaking
Chapter 11
Ruth T. Norman, Evelyn T. Money
Two new decision aids have been developed to improve the moral awareness and moral judgment of students and practitioners of business. The purpose... Sample PDF
Decision Aids for Business Ethics Education
Chapter 12
Timothy S. Clark
Far more than in the fields of business, research scholarship in the medical and legal fields has considered the integrity of students and... Sample PDF
Raising Ethics and Integrity Awareness by Incentivizing Professionalism
Chapter 13
Warren Linds, Andrew Trull
This chapter explores a graduate course designed for process consultant practitioners and change managers on the ethics of intervening in human... Sample PDF
Developing Ethical Practice through Inquiry: It’s not Know-What, It’s Know-How
Chapter 14
William I. Sauser, Ronald R. Sims
The ethical crisis in business is very real. Countering this crisis by creating organizational cultures grounded in moral character is the challenge... Sample PDF
Showing Business Students How to Contribute to Organizational Cultures Grounded in Moral Character
Chapter 15
Peggy Sue Loroz, Molly B. Pepper
This chapter describes a course called “Hate Studies in Business” which seeks to help students to recognize business cultures and practices that... Sample PDF
Hate Studies in Business: A Course on Recognizing and Combating the Ways Business Organizations Exert Violence on Individuals, Families, and Society
Chapter 16
Jacob Dahl Rendtorff
With focus on the role of integrity in relation to business ethics versus economic strategy the chapter contains following sections: 1. The concept... Sample PDF
Business Ethics, Strategy and Organizational Integrity: The Importance of Integrity as a Basic Principle of Business Ethics That Contributes to Better Economic Performance
Chapter 17
Soma Kamal Tandon
In recent times ethics and leadership have become dominant concerns in business. The foundations of the business establishment have been shaken by... Sample PDF
A “Novel” Approach to the Moral Dimension of Leadership
Chapter 18
Katherine Hyatt
Honors codes have been shown to have a positive impact on the integrity of students and have been adopted by numerous colleges and universities.... Sample PDF
Research on Corporate Codes of Ethics and Its Application to University Honor Codes
Chapter 19
Gillian Griffin
In recent years, the teaching of ethics in business schools has become more common. However, despite positive interest and the quantity of... Sample PDF
Integrity as a Core Value in Organizations
Chapter 20
Vlad Vaiman, Throstur Olaf Sigurjonsson
This chapter deals with a multitude of perspectives on ethics education in business schools and provides a compelling example of Iceland, where... Sample PDF
Rethinking Ethics Education in Business Schools in the Post-Financial Crisis Epoch: An Icelandic Perspective
Chapter 21
Luc K. Audebrand, John W. Burton
In recent years management education has sought to integrate into both undergraduate and graduate programs a concern for ethics and integrity. If... Sample PDF
Nurturing Integrity in Management Education with the Development of an Alternative Web of Metaphors
Chapter 22
Richard P. Peregoy
A kaleidoscopic teaching method using a variety of media challenges the course facilitator to lead, guide, and offer insight so that listeners... Sample PDF
A Kaleidoscopic Approach to Teaching Ethical Dimensions of Leadership
Chapter 23
Michael Nancarrow, Will Rifkin
Ethics learning takes root when it draws on learners’ experiences of encounters with others, a strategy that is a foundation of adult learning... Sample PDF
Reflective Cycles and Reflexive Learning Principles: Teaching Ethics from the Learner Outward1
Chapter 24
Victoria McCarthy, Robyn Hulsart
Tools and resources for raising ethical standards in online management courses are essential for maintaining integrity in management education.... Sample PDF
Management Education for Integrity: Raising Ethical Standards in Online Management Classes
Chapter 25
Jill M. Purdy, Joseph Lawless
Although business students can learn about ethics through case studies and examples, this learning may not lead to future ethical behavior in... Sample PDF
Building a Culture of Integrity
Chapter 26
Daniel E. Martin
These studies cover new ground in two respects: 1) That the academic dishonesty literature is subject to revision using criterion variables to avoid... Sample PDF
Understanding Plagiarism Behavior through Criterion Studies: Predictors of Actual Plagiarism
Chapter 27
Aditya Simha, John B. Cullen
This chapter provides a comprehensive review of the literature on academic dishonesty and cheating, by defining the different kinds of cheating... Sample PDF
Academic Dishonesty and Cheating: Proactive and Reactive Action Implications for Faculty and Students
Chapter 28
Wolfgang Amann, Shiban Khan
Trillions in value were destroyed in the recent financial crisis. Of equal harm was another consequence. In a time of such a financial crisis – in... Sample PDF
A Critical Assessment of the Oath Project
Chapter 29
William Heisler, Fred Westfall, Robert Kitahara
Challenges to academic integrity in management education appear to be on the rise in U.S. institutions of higher education. In an effort to reduce... Sample PDF
Technological Approaches to Maintaining Academic Integrity in Management Education
Chapter 30
Dima Jamali, Hanin Abdallah
This book chapter will make the case that corporate social responsibility (CSR) mainstreaming is an imperative to promote integrity and alleviate... Sample PDF
Mainstreaming Corporate Social Responsibility at the Core of the Business School Curriculum
Chapter 31
Marco Tavanti
The Principles of Responsible Management Education (PRME) offer a platform for institutional commitment and leadership engagement toward business... Sample PDF
Responsible Management Education in Practice: The Principles and Processes for Educating Socially Responsible and World Engaged Leaders
Chapter 32
Mark Pruett
Business schools teach stockholder and stakeholder perspectives for ethical decision-making, but what are the implications of those perspectives for... Sample PDF
The Social Responsibility of Business Schools
Chapter 33
Ambika Zutshi, Greg Wood, Leanne Morris
The start of the twenty-first century witnessed a number of company scandals and ethical breaches that have brought to the forefront community... Sample PDF
Reflections on Teaching Business Ethics
Chapter 34
Peter Odrakiewicz
The key role of values and norms in organizational culture are closely related to integrity, moral and ethical concerns and should be taught using... Sample PDF
Innovative Methods of Teaching Integrity and Ethics in Management Education
Chapter 35
Thomas F. Burgess
This chapter examines how the values of UK business school academics interact with the values of the students they teach. The chapter proposes that... Sample PDF
How Business School Research Values Shape the Student Experience
Chapter 36
George W. Kester, Gregory J. Cooper, Roger A. Dean, Peter T. Gianiodis, Michael G. Goldsby
This chapter describes how Hollywood movies can be used in the classroom to bring finance and business ethics alive in ways that that are difficult... Sample PDF
Hollywood in the Classroom: A Resource for Teaching Business Ethics to Undergraduates
About the Contributors


“The world is a dangerous place, not because of those who do evil, but because of those who look on and do nothing.”

Albert Einstein

“The Earth has enough for everyone’s need, but not enough for everyone’s greed”

Mahatma Gandhi

The global economic catastrophe, which started in summer 2007, enmeshed with numerous corporate, governmental and international ethical and financial scandals and problems along with the previous numerous corporate, national and international ethical and financial scandals and crises, prompts discussion of it  root causes, facets, and trajectory, and makes lively discussion on what constitutes responsible management education emphatic (Moon & Shen, 2010; Lane & Bogue, 2010; Miller, 2009; Christensen et al. 2007; Crane & Matten 2004; Matten & Moon 2004; Nicholson & DeMoss 2009; Swanson & Fisher 2008; Wankel & DeFillippi, 2006).

Today, it is hard to sidestep concerns of what might be factors facilitating unethical conduct in organizations of all sectors: business, government, even religion. Beyond consequent dire economic conditions, educating managers for a culture of greed, false values and moral blindness may be faulted (Neubaum, Pagell, Drexler, McKee-Ryan & Larson, 2009). Wall Street brokers, Lehman Brothers’ managers and other creative designers of financial services unfortunately are often products of business schools. They have used the know-how they gleaned to amorally take actions whose dénouement included the US real estate market bubble that burst in 2008.   In Europe, currently several national economies are tittering on the verge of collapse also premised on a dearth of moral courage. What can we do as business educators to emerge from this epoch of catastrophes? The secret of success is no secret!  We need to bolster the ethical acumen of managers through business education imperatives. It is incumbent upon business schools to not only imbue students with deep practical understanding of globalization, innovation and increase their ethical awareness in all functional areas of management and, further, develop their ability and inclination to think and act wisely and morally. Leading with integrity is what all organizational executives should aspire to. However, in the maelstrom of contemporary globalized business, rapidly involving technologies, and socio-political sea changes, many managers are ill-equipped to confidently act with integrity. Our hope and challenge is for management education to impart knowledge and skills not abstracted from but rather imbued with a moral compass supported by appropriate sensibilities and sophistication. Business culture is a keystone in the edifice of a virtuous society. Is this some Promethean undertaking? We think it is something the world of business education can move towards. This book is meant to be a pathway for those embarked on this journey to make progress through. This book suggests a rejiggering of the recipe for an excellent business education by adding ethical perspectives throughout. Based on our belief that integrity without knowledge is vitiated and knowledge without integrity can be dangerous, this book provides empirically grounded, theoretical insights for rethinking business curricula to meaningfully confront the salient challenges of the second decade of the twenty-first century.

This book is like a conclave of scholars from around the world, reflecting a diversity of backgrounds and perspectives, synergistically sharing knowledge, experience, aspirations and speculations on how morality should best be taught in a global economy.

This book responds to the following questions:

  1. How are teaching approaches adapted from the humanities, social sciences, and natural sciences changing business ethics is taught?
  2. What kinds of pedagogic approaches and tools should be used for preparing future leaders to cope effectively with challenges of leading with integrity in a global world?
  3. How might integrity within academia be improved?
  4. How might business ethics teaching be integrated with human fulfillment and spirituality in helpful ways?
  5. How might improvements in the integrity of individuals translate into the integrity of organizations they work?
Though this book is not a panacea for business curricula, it provides useful perspectives on the rejuvenation of management education with new ways of improving the moral compass of students.


Christensen, L.J. et al. (2007) Ethics, CSR, and Sustainability in the Financial Times Top 50 Global Business Schools, Journal of Business Ethics, 73: 347-368.

Crane, A., & Matten, D. (2004) Questioning the Domain of Business Ethics Education, Journal of Business Ethics, 54: 357-369.

Lane, I.F., & Bogue, E.G. (2010) Faculty Perspectives Regarding the Importance and Place of Nontechnical Competencies in Veterinary Medical Education at Five North American Colleges of Veterinary Medicine, JAVMA-Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, 237(1): 53-64.

Matten, D., & Moon, J. (2004) Corporate Social Responsibility Education in Europe, Journal of Business Ethics, 54: 323-337.

Miller, R.A. (2009) The Ethics Narrative and the Role of the Business School in Moral Development, Journal of Business Ethics, 90: 287-293.

Moon, J., & Shen, X. (2010) CSR in China Research: Salience, Focus and Nature, Journal of Business Ethics, 94(4): 613-629.

Neubaum, D.O., Pagell, M., Drexler, J.A. Jr, McKee-Ryan, F.M. & Larson, E. (2009), Business education and its relationship to student personal moral philosophies and attitudes toward profits: an empirical response to critics, Academy of Management Learning and Education, 8(1), 9-24.

Nicholson, C.Y., & DeMoss, M. (2009) Teaching Ethics and Social Responsibility: An Evaluation of Undergraduate Business Education at the Discipline Level, Journal of Education for Business, 84(4): 213-218.

Swanson, D.L., & Fisher, D.G. (eds.) (2008) Advancing Business Ethics Education, Charlotte, NC: Information Age Publishing.

Wankel, C., & DeFillippi, R. (Eds.) (2006).  New Visions of Graduate Management Education. Greenwich, CT:  Information Age Publishing.

Author(s)/Editor(s) Biography

Dr. Charles Wankel, Professor of Management at St. John's University, New York, holds a doctorate from New York University where he was admitted to Beta Gamma Sigma, the national honor society for business disciplines in AACSB accredited universities. He serves at Erasmus University, Rotterdam School of Management on the Dissertation Committee and as Honorary Vice Rector at the Poznan University of Business and Foreign Languages. He was awarded the Outstanding Service in Management Education and Development Award at the Academy of Management’s 2004 meeting. At the August 2007 meeting, he was awarded the McGraw-Hill/Irwin Outstanding Symposium in Management Education Development Award. Columbia University’s American Assembly identified him as one of the nation’s top experts on Total Quality Management. He co-authored a top selling textbook Management (Prentice Hall, 1986), published a St. Martin’s Press scholarly book on interorganizational strategy development in Poland, and numerous scholarly articles, monographs, and chapters. The 18,000+ member Academy of Management, the world’s premier academic society in this discipline, presented its Best Paper in Management Education Award to him in 1991, and he has been selected to serve as an officer of AOM divisions every year for more than a decade. He is the leading founder and director of scholarly virtual communities for management professors, currently directing seven with thousands of participants in more than seventy nations. (A Google search for “Charles Wankel” will provide you with an awareness of the scope of his online presence). He has led online international Internet collaborations in teaching and research for more than a decade.
Agata Stachowicz-Stanusch Ph.D., D.Sc., is an Associate Professor of Management at The Silesian University of Technology. She is the Head of Management & Marketing Department. Agata has authored and edited seven books including co-authoring of Management through Collaboration: Teaming in a Networked World edited by Charles Wankel; Organizational Immunity to Corruption: Building Theoretical and Research Foundations (IAP 2010), The Core Values of Universities in the Context of Different National Cultures (SUT Press 2009), The Power of Values (Helion 2007), Management by Values: Modern Company Development Perspective, (SUT Press, 2004), Marketing Culture (PWN 2001). She is also an author of over 70 research papers in national/international journals and conference proceedings. She was a reviewer of Academy of Management (AOM) European Academy of Management (EURAM) and Journal of Brand Management (Palgrave MacMillan). Agata is a member of Polish Academy of Sciences, and the Committee on Organizational and Management Sciences Department Katowice and PRME Working Group on Anti-Corruption. She is also a co-founder of Organizational and Management Journal edited by the Silesian University of Technology and Editorial Board’s member of Global Management Journal. Email: agata.stachowicz@polsl.pl.


Editorial Board

  • Abdullah Al-Beraidi, Qassim University, Saudi Arabia
  • Nigel Duncan, City University London, UK
  • Louis Gasper, University of Dallas, USA
  • Mary Gentile, Babson College, USA
  • Heh Jason Huang, National Sun Yat-Sen University, Taiwan
  • Gazi Islam, Insper, Brazil
  • Kenneth Mølbjerg Jørgensen, Aalborg University, Denmark
  • Gianluigi Mangia, Università di Napoli Federico II, Italy
  • Sarah Stookey, Central Connecticut State University, USA
  • Vlad Vaiman, Reykjavik University, Iceland
  • Jae Eon Yu, Korea University, South Korea