Addressing the Public Health Epidemic of Childhood Obesity Using Public Schools as Health Education Learning Laboratories

Addressing the Public Health Epidemic of Childhood Obesity Using Public Schools as Health Education Learning Laboratories

Darrell Norman Burrell (The Florida Institute of Technology, USA), Jorja B. Wright (The University of Charleston, USA), Clishia Taylor (George Mason University, USA), Tiffiny Shockley (Queens University of Charlotte, USA), April Reaves (Thomas Edison State University, USA) and Judith-Jolie Mairs (Rutgers University, USA)
DOI: 10.4018/IJPPPHCE.2020070102
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Abstract

In our society, childhood obesity has become a pressing health issue. Childhood obesity occurs when children are considerably overweight for their age and height. Body mass index (BMI) is used to measure the percentage of body fat; therefore, the higher the BMI, the more body fat an individual has accompanied by the likelihood that the individual is obese. This research aims to address the factors that cause childhood obesity. A total of 116 journal articles were used for the development of this paper; the articles were analyzed and selected based on the occurrence of the following keywords and phrases: (1) childhood obesity, (2) social cognition theory, (3) telemedicine, and (4) nutrition education. The literature review showed a relationship between childhood obesity and body mass index (reduction, the use of telemedicine, and school food gardens). Using telemedicine video conferencing software and adding food gardens to public school curricula may be a strategy educators and policymakers can use to reduce the rate of childhood obesity.
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The Object Of Research

The purpose of this research is to highlight the factors and influences concerning childhood obesity in schools.

The Goal of the Research

This research is an in-depth review of the existing literature to develop a comprehensive approach to address childhood obesity through the development of innovative school-based intervention strategies.

Research Methods

The paper uses content analysis from the academic literature theories to analyze, explain, and explore the complex phenomenon in a school intervention context.

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