The S'ANT Approach to Facilitate a Superior Chronic Disease Self-Management Model

The S'ANT Approach to Facilitate a Superior Chronic Disease Self-Management Model

Nilmini Wickramasinghe (Center for the Management of Medical Technology (CMMT) - Stuart School of Business and Institute of Technology, USA), Rajeev K. Bali (Coventry University, UK) and Steve Goldberg (INET International, Canada)
DOI: 10.4018/jantti.2009062302

Abstract

Diabetes is one of the leading chronic diseases and its prevalence continues to rise exponentially. The goal of this article is to present the case for the application of a pervasive technology solution in the form of a wireless-enabled mobile phone to facilitate superior diabetes management. In so doing, we highlight the need for employing the S’ANT approach (Wickramasinghe and Bali, 2009) - namely the incorporation of Actor-network Theory and Social Network Analysis - in order to support a network centric healthcare solution.
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Background

Diabetes is a chronic disease that occurs when there is too much glucose in the blood because the body is not producing insulin or not using insulin properly (DA, 2007).

Diabetes management involves a combination of both medical and non-medical approaches with the overall goal for the patient to enjoy a life which is as normal as possible (AIHW, 2008; AIHW, 2007). Critical to this management regimen is the systematic monitoring of blood sugar levels. However, as there is no cure for diabetes, achieving this goal can be challenging because it requires effective lifestyle management and careful and meticulous attention and monitoring by the patient and health professionals (Britt, 2007). In particular, to be totally successful, this requires patients to be both informed and active in their treatment regimen. A solution is therefore required which provides the possibility for “anytime anywhere” monitoring of an individual’s diabetes, thereby contributing to diabetes management. In response to this, this chapter suggests the application of a pervasive technology solution in the form of a wireless-enabled mobile phone to facilitate superior diabetes management.

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