BIM and Cultural Heritage: Compatibility Tests in an Archaeological Site

BIM and Cultural Heritage: Compatibility Tests in an Archaeological Site

Cristiana Achille (Polytechnic University of Milan, Milan, Italy), Nora Lombardini (Polytechnic University of Milan, Milan, Italy) and Cinzia Tommasi (Polytechnic University of Milan, Milan, Italy)
Copyright: © 2016 |Pages: 16
DOI: 10.4018/IJ3DIM.2016010103
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Nowadays, when people talk about BIM software, they refer to new constructions, made of regular elements and standard parameters. The question is: what happens when one, instead of a new building, considers an ancient or existing one? To answer this question, the possibility of using effectively the BIM process for the maintenance and the conservation of Cultural Heritage has to be evaluated. In particular, the research examines the case study of the archaeological site of the Sanctuary of Diana in Nemi (Rome), which is an important example in the National Heritage. The final product consists of a parametric model, where one can find, embedded in a database, all the information about the elements for the management of conservation projects. Highlighting positive aspects and existing limits, in order to contribute to further studies on the subject, leading to a mandatory implementation and use of this software, even in relation to future European legislative framework.
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2. What The Cultural Heritage Need From A Bim System?

What is interesting for the potentiality offered by the BIM technology is the methodical approach not only for the interventions needed, but also for the management of the cultural Heritage, with the activities to monitor its health condition and the maintenance.

The working method realized using these instruments would allow the achievement of these tasks:

  • The digital representation of the existing building;

  • An informative database about all the different elements of the heritage;

  • A recurring checking of the health condition of the heritage;

  • The evaluation of the effects of different typology of intervention.

The management of existing site has different needs from the new buildings, therefore it is important to know the precise information that the model must contain:

  • Geo localization

  • Shape of the element

  • Materials

  • Different layers of materials

  • State of decay

  • Historical information

  • Environmental conditions

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