Development and Management of Digital Libraries in the Regime of IPR Paradigm

Development and Management of Digital Libraries in the Regime of IPR Paradigm

Ranjan Karmakar (Chakdaha College (Affiliated to University of Kalyani), Chakdaha, India)
Copyright: © 2018 |Pages: 14
DOI: 10.4018/IJLIS.2018010104

Abstract

This article reports the concept of digital library (DL) with its definitions, concept, generic architecture, ethics and librarianship related to DL. DLs are created by Library professionals, publishers, Government initiatives, societies and other higher educational institutions. There are different types of files and file formats are created and stored on DL. For uploading the files, the copyright / IPR issues are involved. As one cannot upload directly someone's file without the permission of that person. In information communication technology (ICT) environment, the Internet and web enables everyone to have access to the e-contents available from anywhere at any time. Due to this, DL creators cannot take it granted to upload them and make them available online. The IPR issues in digital environment plays a key role for identifying and taking permissions from the respective authors / publishers / content creators to upload the digital content. DL and IPR issues are discussed with the digital rights issues.
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Generic Digital Library Architecture

Figure 1 shows a generic DL infrastructure that contains a user interface and middleware.

Figure 1.

The architecture of a generic digital library system (Frew, Freeston, Freitas, Hill, Janee, Lovette, Nideffer, Smith, & Zheng, 1998).

The classic tree-tier architecture: The data engine handles catalog information along with the resources. Additionally, there is a special interface for librarians to manage the content and catalog descriptions. To enable interoperability between library systems a communication interface is defined as well.

Literature Review

The review of literature is an essential component of any investigation, which gives necessary input to the investigator to frame the research study on the chosen topic. As far as the field of “Digital library and the Intellectual Property Rights Issues”, a large number of studies have been conducted and it is continuous to grow. A number of research reports, articles, books and conference volumes on the subject have been published. It is extremely difficult to review the entire body of research. Therefore, some of the contributions in the aspects of DL and IPR issues are reviewed.

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