Headache App: Usability Assessment and Criterion Validity

Headache App: Usability Assessment and Criterion Validity

Tânia Dantas (Medical Science Department, University of Aveiro, Aveiro, Portugal), Milton Rodrigues dos Santos (Health Sciences School, University of Aveiro, Aveiro, Portugal), Alexandra Queirós (Health Sciences School, University of Aveiro, Aveiro, Portugal) and Anabela G. Silva (Health Sciences School, University of Aveiro, Aveiro, Portugal)
DOI: 10.4018/IJMCMC.2018040101

Abstract

Mobile applications show great potential for the assessment and registration of information regarding headaches. However, data on the content and usability of mobile applications for headache that are accessible to the public in European Portuguese are scarce, as well the criterion validity. Therefore, this article aims to search for and characterize the mobile applications related to headache in terms of content, usability and criterion validity. A search in the Android app store of applications was conducted. Four mobile applications were found in European Portuguese that matched a set of predefined criteria. These were characterized in terms of general characteristics, content, usability and criterion validity. Three of the applications were specific for headaches and one could be used for any type of pain, including headache. All applications allowed recording of pain characteristics and its extraction in a form of a report. In the discussion section several challenges related to the use of mobile applications in the assessment and management of headache are discussed.
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According to the International Headache Society (IHS, 2013), headaches are classified as primary headaches (Migraine, Tension-type headache, Trigeminal autonomic cephalalgias and other primary headache disorders) and secondary headaches (headaches attributed to trauma, injury, disorder or other condition). The prevalence of headache disorders among adults defined as symptomatic at least once within the last year is about 50% and about one third of adults aged 18–65 years have reported at least one episode of migraine (WHO, 2016). The Global Burden of Disease Survey 2010 (Vos et al., 2013) estimated that tension-type headache and migraine have a global prevalence of 20.1% and 14.7%, respectively, and are ranked as second and third most common diseases in the world. Migraine was recognized as the seventh highest among specific causes of disability.

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