Integrated Features Based on Gray-Level and Hu Moment-Invariants with Ant Colony System for Retinal Blood Vessels Segmentation

Integrated Features Based on Gray-Level and Hu Moment-Invariants with Ant Colony System for Retinal Blood Vessels Segmentation

Ahmed H. Asad (Institute of Statistical Studies and Research, Department of Computer Science, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt), Ahmad Taher Azar (Scientific Research Group in Egypt (SRGE) & Misr University for Science & Technology, 6th of October City, Giza, Egypt) and Aboul Ella Hassanien (Faculty of Computers and Information, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt)
DOI: 10.4018/ijsbbt.2012100105
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Abstract

Abnormality detection plays an important role in many real-life applications. Retinal vessel segmentation algorithms are the critical components of circulatory blood vessel Analysis systems for detecting the various abnormalities in retinal images. Traditionally, the vascular network is mapped by hand in a time-consuming process that requires both training and skill. Automating the process allows consistency, and most importantly, frees up the time that a skilled technician or doctor would normally use for manual screening. Several studies were carried out on the segmentation of blood vessels in general; however, only a small number of them were associated to retinal blood vessels. In this paper, an approach for segmenting retinal blood vessels is proposed using only ant colony system. Eight features are selected for the developed system; four are based on gray-level and the other features on Hu moment-invariants. The features are directly computed from values of image pixels, so they take about 90 seconds in computation. The performance of the proposed structure is evaluated in terms of accuracy, true positive rate (TPR) and false positive rate (FPR). The results showed that the overall accuracy and sensitivity of the presented approach achieved 90.28% and 74%, respectively.
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2. Features Extraction And Ant Colony System: An Overview

In this section feature extractions method is described in detail in addition to the Ant Colony System

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