Oblique Aerial Image Acquisition, 3D City Modeling, 3D City Guide Project for Konya Metropolitan Municipality

Oblique Aerial Image Acquisition, 3D City Modeling, 3D City Guide Project for Konya Metropolitan Municipality

Tuncer Ozerbıl (GEOGIS, Ankara, Turkey), Ergun Gokten (GEOGIS, Ankara, Turkey), Mustafa Onder (GEOGIS, Ankara, Turkey), Osman Selcuk (GEOGIS, Ankara, Turkey), Nilhan Ciftci Sarılar (GEOGIS, Ankara, Turkey), Ayhan Tekgul (OttoTEK, Ankara, Turkey), Erdal Yılmaz (ARGEDOR, Ankara, Turkey) and Alpaslan Tutuneken (UVM Systems, Konya, Turkey)
Copyright: © 2015 |Pages: 14
DOI: 10.4018/IJ3DIM.2015040103
OnDemand PDF Download:
No Current Special Offers


Usage of aerial oblique cameras and oblique images in generation of 3D city models has become popular all over the world in recent years and various solutions has been developed involving specialized methods and softwares. The first comprehensive step in this field was taken by Konya Metropolitan Municipality in Turkey in 2012 and the project undertaken by GEOGIS has been successfully completed in February 2014. It is the first time in Turkey that 3D city model of this large scale has been generated. The project involves: Aerial image acquisition of the project area with vertical and oblique cameras respectively and photogrammetric triangulation; Development of OttoPenta software, which can display oblique images in pentaview screen, make spatial queries and also can measure the horizontal, vertical distance and area; Digitization of roof and roof structures from vertical stereo images using photogrammetric interpretation techniques and generation of 3D solid building models using this data; Assigning building ID numbers to solid models to integrate with the GIS data of the Municipality that is available in Oracle Spatial database; Automatic texturing of 3D models with oblique images; Exporting of textured 3D models into Oracle Spatial Database in CityGML format, complying the OGC standards; and development of KNVCity software, to create and publish the 3D city guide on WEB and mobile devices. The goal of this paper is sharing the experience and knowledge that was gained during the 3D City modeling and 3D city guide project which was performed for the first time in Turkey.
Article Preview

Kmm 3D City Modeling Project

Project started with the signing of contract between KMM & GEOGIS at 31 October 2012 and successfully finished at 03 February 2014.

Project Area and Other Numeric Information

Project area consists of two different zones, Zone-1 and Zone-2 and covers a total area of 300 km2 as seen in Figure 1. Oblique aerial photos have been acquired in the whole project area. In Zone-1, which covers 20 km2, building models produced at LoD2 level and in Zone 2, which is 280 km2, LoD1 level models are generated. Moreover

Figure 1.

Project area


3400 buildings were modeled at LoD3 level in the whole project area and 5 LoD4 landmarks are generated. The number of modelled buildings is also presented in Table 1.

Table 1.
Numeric information of the project
Project Area300 km2
Zone-1 area20 km2
Zone-2 area280 km2
Number of buildings modeled at LoD1 level170.000
Number of buildings modeled at LoD2 level40.000
Number of buildings modeled at LoD3 level3.400
Number of landmarks modeled at LoD4 level5

Complete Article List

Search this Journal:
Open Access Articles
Volume 7: 4 Issues (2018)
Volume 6: 4 Issues (2017)
Volume 5: 4 Issues (2016)
Volume 4: 4 Issues (2015)
Volume 3: 4 Issues (2014)
Volume 2: 4 Issues (2013)
Volume 1: 4 Issues (2012)
View Complete Journal Contents Listing