Selected Aspects of Labour Market Regional Structure Analysis in AP Vojvodina

Selected Aspects of Labour Market Regional Structure Analysis in AP Vojvodina

Olgica Boškovic (University of Belgrade, Serbia) and Nikola Njegovan (Institute of Agricultural Economics, Serbia)
Copyright: © 2012 |Pages: 11
DOI: 10.4018/ijsem.2012040101
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Abstract

During the first decade of transition there were considerable changes and different fluctuations in every field of human activity in AP Vojvodina, especially on the labour market. Those tendencies are expressed as substantial limitations toward planned and proclaimed economic reforms. At the same time, the majority of analyses only partially considered economic, social, or political issues while lacking the territorial and regional approach. This paper examines statistical analysis of regional disparities on the labour market of AP Vojvodina. The analysis represents the results of quantitative analysis of selected aspects on the labour market and is based on the sample of 7 regions during the period 2002-2009 (70 panel observations). It shows the persistence of regional disparities concerning labour market indicators and their changes over time. The analysis also represents the basis for creation of economic policy measures to mitigate the regional differences on the labour market.
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Methodology And Data Source

Regional disparities in the labour market in AP Vojvodina are recorded by analyzing the differences between selected indicators for individual districts and monitoring of their dynamics. For empirical analysis three types of data were used. These are the time series, time-section and panel data (Baltagi, 2005). Districts in AP Vojvodina (NUTS 3 level) were selected as observation units for the 2000-2010 period. Following labour market indicators were used: number of unemployed persons, job vacancies and employment (data from the National Employment Agency, NSZ). Using this data, basic indicators at the district level were calculated: unemployment rate (sn) and vacancy rate (ssrm).

Data on the unemployed was collected from two sources: from the unemployment register for those registered as unemployed at NSZ and from Labour Force Survey conducted periodically by the Statistical office of the Republic of Serbia (RSZ). According to NSZ methodology, the unemployed are persons from 15 to 65 years old, capable and ready to begin to work immediately, not employed or otherwise exercised the right to work, kept in the register of unemployed and actively seeking employment.

Job vacancy data was obtained on the basis of needs expressed by employers and was provided by NSZ. After the change in regulations, the application is submitted by employers having a vacant position and wishing NSZ to mediate in the process of employment. Hence the data on vacancies from 2009 was not quite comparable, which is why these methodological differences were taken into account when drawing conclusions.

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