The Processing osf Irrigation Water and Artificial Fertilizer Solutions in Magnetic Field

The Processing osf Irrigation Water and Artificial Fertilizer Solutions in Magnetic Field

Volodymyr Kozyrskyi (National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine, Ukraine), Vitaliy Savchenko (National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine, Ukraine) and Oleksandr Sinyavsky (National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine, Ukraine)
Copyright: © 2020 |Pages: 10
DOI: 10.4018/IJEOE.2020100105

Abstract

The reclamation of new territories which are limited in energy and materials needs resource- and energy-saving techniques. One of such technique is the processing of water and artificial fertilizer solutions in a magnetic field. The aim of this research is to work out the impact of a magnetic field on water and solutions of artificial fertilizer and to find out the most effective way to process. The authors have figured out that a magnetic field enhances the speed of chemical reactions, the solvability of salts and fertilizers, and increases the concentration of oxygen in a water solution. The most effective processing of water solutions in magnetic field is when magnetic induction is 0,065 Тl, a four-time back magnetization takes place, and the velocity of a solution is 0.4 m/s. These parameters of the processing increase crop yield by 15-20%, decrease the consumption of artificial fertilizer by 10-15%, and enhances the product quality.
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Background

Currently, the theory of magnetic treatment of aqua systems is at the stage of making and substantiating hypotheses, though experiments prove that magnetic treatment of water changes physical and chemical properties of water, namely, it accelerates its coagulation and absorption, changes salts solvability and gas concentration, crystallization and wetting, magnetic susceptiveness, viscosity and hydration of ions, the kinetics of chemical reactions (Malkin, Zhuravska, & Kovalenko, 2015).

The following empirical dependences are revealed when water systems are treated magnetically:

  • 1.

    The effect of magnetic treatment gradually disappears after a short-term increase;

  • 2.

    Many cases show extreme dependence of the effect on characteristics of magnetic field such as intensity and field gradient;

  • 3.

    The reverse during magnetic treatment enhances the effect of a solution treatment. Its function is to make ions accumulate at the walls of the pipeline while moving in magnetic field. It causes them to interact further;

  • 4.

    Almost all research confirms the presence of the best velocity of the flow;

  • 5.

    The effect of magnetic treatment depends on the composition of water system.

There are cases of the effective use of magnetized water to soak seeds, water plants and desalination of soil (Amaya, et al., 1996); Flórez, Carbonell, & Martínez, 2007; Malkin, Furtat, Zhuravska, & Usachov, 2014).

Watering plants with magnetoactive water influences on how plants uptake nutritional chemicals and accelerates plants growth, enhances the yield, increases the content of mineral salts, sugar and dry matter. Such water has fungicide properties and can inhibit the process of sporulation of phytopathogenic fungi (Klassen, 1982).

Plants watering with magnetically activated water provided for increase of yield by 10-20% of peas, mustard, cabbage, maize, onions, alfalfa, carrots, cucumbers, sunflower, millet, wheat, radish, rye, rice, lettuce, beets, soy, tomato, beans, barley and potatoes (Mahmood, & Usman, 2014; Teixeira-da-Silva, & Dobránszki, 2014).

Plants watering with magnetically activated water helps to convert nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium into the form consumed by plants, therefore the content of these substances in plants increases by 10-15%. (Klassen, 1982).

The fact that the enhancement of agricultural crop yield after irrigation water has been processed magnetically can be explained by the increase of solubility, the degasification of irrigation water and its enrichment with oxygen, the enhancement of membrane permeability, and how the plants uptake mineral fertilizers.

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