The Role of Information and Communication Technologies in Family Dynamics: Difference Between Parents and Children

The Role of Information and Communication Technologies in Family Dynamics: Difference Between Parents and Children

J. Dinesh Kumar (Anna University, Chennai, India) and Arulchelvan Sriram (Anna University, Chennai, India)
DOI: 10.4018/IJICTHD.2019070101
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ICT influence in various activities in the family is a periodical topic to study as the technological developments grow day by day. This research attempts to study the influence of ICT in various family activities with special reference to parent and children. 88 families from Chennai city were surveyed and interviewed to find the influence of ICT in usage, purpose, preference, leisure activities, depression time activities, and communication time. Findings found the changes occurred in families and their opinion on ICT usage in a contemporary family structure. It is found that parents and children use the ICT devices in a similar way except for preference of activity. Parents prefer ICT more for entertainment whereas children preference is for education, developing social networks, etc. Except for communication facilitation, family members feel that ICT has changed most of the family activities, but it is considered as modern and acceptable in today's digital world. Family members have both positive and negative opinions regarding ICT usage in their family.
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1. Introduction

The rapid penetration of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) gives people an enriched experience in various aspects of daily life such as education, work, consumption of goods, entertainment, etc. It provides them with on-demand access to any information and also entertains them easily (Kelly Garrett, 2006). It has now grown to take place among the essential requirements of a modern human being along the lines of food, shelter, and clothing. Technology is used for communication in most homes (Subrahmanyam & Greenfield, 2008) and it has become one of the family members (Johnson, 2010). Initially, the developments of technologies are focused on improving entertainment experiences in homes. (Huisman et al., 2012). But with the emergence and integration of new communication technologies such as computers, internet, mobile phones (Lanigan, 2009), social media and other digital media applications, domestic life of people are occupied by more technical devices (Huisman et al., 2012) and the changes in the routine practices occurs among various family members. So this research aims to understand how ICT influences the various practices of family members.

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