Use of Sociology Concepts as the Basis of a Model for Context-Aware Computing

Use of Sociology Concepts as the Basis of a Model for Context-Aware Computing

Vitor M. Santos (ISEGI-NOVA Instituto Superior de Estatística e Gestão de Informação, Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Lisbon, Portugal)
Copyright: © 2014 |Pages: 18
DOI: 10.4018/ijwp.2014070102
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Abstract

Resorting to mobile devices and their use for Internet access, for georeferentiation and services consumption had a huge increase. Today, these devices ability to establish cooperation networks and to interact intelligently and cooperatively with the surrounding environment has growing importance. In this article the authors present a model where a minimum set of features and information could be embedded in mobile devices to dynamically enable their integration into computer systems with pre-defined formal structure. It is argued that if a device is only partially competent to perform a particular role in a given context, may yet play this role in collaboration with other devices also partly responsible for the performance of this role in this context. This model is inspired by concepts originating in organization theory and sociology as they are typical, the notions of “social role”, “ownership” and “responsibility.” It presented an application example that makes available a formal structure of computation that allows the use of mobile devices with computational skills at a restaurant.
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2. On Mobile Computing, Ubiquous Computing, And Context Sensible Computing

We commonly call mobile computing the use of small dimension computer devices and laptops on wireless networks, connected to public and private servers, to the internet or other devices (Schilit, 1994). Among these computing devices are laptops, notebooks, tablet PCs, palmtops and personal assistants (PDAs).

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