A Methodology of the Decision Support Systems Applied to Other Projects of Investigation

A Methodology of the Decision Support Systems Applied to Other Projects of Investigation

María J. García G. (Minimax Consultores C.A. Gerencia General, Caracas, Venezuela), Gilberto J. Hernández G. (Minimax Consultores C.A. Gerencia Investigación, Caracas, Venezuela) and José G. Hernández R. (Universidad Metropolitana, Dep. G. de la T., Caracas, Venezuela)
Copyright: © 2015 |Pages: 13
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-4666-5888-2.ch191
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Introduction

One of the greater worries of the investigators is the scientific methodology to follow in their Works. In this article there presented a methodology that arose in the academic world, as a need, to facilitate the development of the DSS. This methodology, by its characteristics, received the name Integrated-Adaptable Methodology for the development of Decision Support System (IAMDSS, in Spanish, Metodología Integradora-Adaptable para desarrollar Sistemas de Apoyo a las Decisiones [MIASAD]). Besides, to be able to integrate other methodologies, an aspect that characterizes to the IAMDSS is its flexibility, differing this to the great majority of existing scientific methodologies, that in general they are characterized for a high inflexibility.

Of everything previous, the principal contribution of this article is framed in presenting IAMDSS and in showing as it is useful to develop projects of investigation in different fields of the knowledge and where the final product (FP) is not a DSS.

As methodology to reach the objective proposed makes use of the own one IAMDSS (García, Hernández & Hernández, 2011, 2012; Hernández, García, & Hernández, 2011, 2012), upon making use of some of its essential steps:

  • 1.

    To define the problem that, as it was indicated on having commented on the contributions of this article, it is to present IAMDSS and to show as it can be used in other works of investigation that not necessarily they conclude in a DSS,

  • 2.

    To prepare the first prototype, where it will remain established that is a matter of an article of investigation to be published and which should reflect the objectives proposed,

  • 3.

    Obtaining data, in this case on IAMDSS and its applications not DSS,

  • 4.

    Establishing the alternatives, that would be the different options that can follow to present IAMDSS and to show some of their applications,

  • 5.

    Evaluate alternatives, considering the facility of presenting and to show the use of IAMDSS,

  • 6.

    Selecting the best alternative, as product of previous evaluation process, and based on the secondary objectives, tacit or explicit, being considered,

  • 7.

    Implementing the best alternative, there must be guaranteed the mechanisms, which allow to realize a suitable presentation of IAMDSS and the illustration of it use in fields foreign to the DSS and

  • 8.

    Establishing controls, Establishing the mechanisms, probably indicators, that permit to recognize if the alternative selected, continues being valid in the course of the time.

With regard to limitations and reaches, in this article no work of field will be carried out, but the presentation of the IAMDSS will do, following a previous work (García, Hernández, & Hernández, 2011) likewise its use will be shown, upon commenting works, that already have been presented in events or published in journals and scientific books (García, Hernández, & Hernández 2012; Hernández, García, & Hernández, 2011, 2012).

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Background

At present there is a lot of information about methodologies associated with the Decision Support Systems (DSS), only among the ones that they are related or they do mention to the Group Decision Support Systems (GDSS) they can be cited: Hevner et al., (2004); Michinov and Primois, (2005). Nevertheless was not this the situation to ends of last century, where it was not easy to distinguish a methodology directed to the DSS. This last reason forced the creation of IAMDSS.

The origins of the IAMDSS, they are given in the academy, by need of the students of a private university to the east of the city of Caracas. These students of the Systems engineering School, when they prepared their special Works degree, in general they developed a DSS. In particular DSS of relative low importance developed by one or two students and with excessively limited times. All this obliged them to need a methodology of work, very prompt.

Key Terms in this Chapter

Methodology: Techniques and procedures that indicate how investigating a phenomenon, acquiring new knowledge, or correcting and integrating previous knowledge.

Weekly Control: There are four aspects to be checked at every meeting, whether virtual or physical, of the group working on a research.

Permanent Control: These three aspects should be established from the beginning of the investigation and should be verified or corrected at each meeting.

DSS: Is an interactive system generally based on computer, which helps the decision makers to use information and analytic models, to solve problems little or not structured.

IAMDSS: Is more that an open methodology, is a meta-methodology, created originally for development DSS, that their ability to integrate and adapt other methodologies, gives almost a universal application.

Aspects to Check: There are eleven key aspects in the IAMDSS original; they help to guarantee that a work of investigation is reached satisfactorily.

Step of IAMDSS: There are twenty basic steps of IAMDSS, but their adaptability and flexibility allows to jump or to include other steps.

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