Accelerated Discovery and Design of Nano-Material Applications in Nuclear Power by Using High Performance Scientific Computing

Accelerated Discovery and Design of Nano-Material Applications in Nuclear Power by Using High Performance Scientific Computing

Liviu Popa-Simil (Los Alamos Academy of Science, USA)
Copyright: © 2015 |Pages: 36
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-4666-7461-5.ch004
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Abstract

The accelerated development of nano-sciences and nano-material systems and technologies is made possible through the use of High Performance Scientific Computing (HPSC). HPSC exploration ranges from nano-clusters to nano-material behavior at mezzo-scale and specific macro-scale products. These novel nano-materials and nano-technologies developed using HPSC can be applied to improve nuclear devices' safety and performance. This chapter explores the use of HPSC.
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Introduction

This chapter includes the following topics of interest:

  • 1.

    Defining basic concepts of nano-materials and technologies while examining different perspectives of HPSC usage to clarify various fundamental aspects of physics and material science;

  • 2.

    Providing a synthesis of existing approaches and solutions to the actual material simulation problems;

  • 3.

    Investigating the potential of HPSC to develop bottom-up, large-scale simulations from pico-scale up to micro-scale products;

  • 4.

    Highlighting the issues with existing approaches, specifically focused on the existence of various HPSC solutions from local to distributed systems; and

  • 5.

    Investigating the potential integration opportunities of multi-scale, multi-dimension concepts and their applicability on various HPSC architectures.

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Summary Of Nano-Materials, Nano-Technologies, And Associated Physics And Engineering Capable Of Improving Nuclear Power Performance

We will introduce the reader to:

  • Actual nuclear power applications with respect to fission, fusion, isotopic power, and annihilation sources, including related performance and problems;

  • The concept of harmony among process, method, instrument, and environment as a fundamental explanation of the multi-scale, multi-dimension approach in modern nuclear applications;

  • Physics processes in material structures from nano- to micro- and mezzo-scale and various related approaches;

  • A brief presentation of models and actual computer simulation tools and their limitations; and

  • Basic terminology used in this field.

Who First Defined Nano-Technology?

(Sandhu A., 2006) The term “nano-technology” was first defined by Norio Taniguchi of Tokyo Science University in 1974. (Taniguchi, 1974)

Where are We Using Nano-Technology?

  • Medicine

    • o

      Cell imaging

    • o

      Cancer therapy—contact agents

    • o

      Drug delivery vehicles

  • Catalysis

    • o

      Fuel cells

    • o

      Catalytic converters

    • o

      Photo-catalytic devices

  • Cosmetics

    • o

      Sunscreen

  • Textiles

    • o

      Water- and stain-repellent materials

    • o

      Wrinkle-free materials

    • o

      Invisibility coat—military

  • Optics

    • o

      Scratch-resistant coatings

  • Foods

    • o

      Anti-microbial packaging

  • Vehicle manufacturing

    • o

      Hard coatings for wear resistance

  • Electronics

    • o

      Quantum dots

    • o

      Semiconductors

  • Nuclear materials and applications

    • o

      Direct energy conversion

    • o

      Enhanced separation in transmutation

    • o

      Self-repairing materials

    • o

      Radiation guides and shielding

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