Adoption of E-Voting System to Enhance the Electoral Process in Developing Countries

Adoption of E-Voting System to Enhance the Electoral Process in Developing Countries

Samuel Agbesi (Aalborg University, Denmark)
Copyright: © 2018 |Pages: 12
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-2956-9.ch013
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Literature reviewed confirm challenges in the electoral process in developing countries like Ghana. These challenges are mainly Institutional and Technical challenges. The Institutional challenges come from the electoral commission, security agencies such as the Police, and civil society groups that are not well equipped to lend their full support to the electoral process, and also electoral challenges can be identified in three stages, pre-election, during election, and after election. And it is assumed that e-voting system when adopted will resolve this electoral challenges, but the system design should be approach from the Socio-technical perspective so that the system will not fail after implementation.
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How E-Voting Can Be Used To Enhanced Electoral Process In Developing Countries

What Is Electronic Voting (E-Voting) System?

E-voting has been define as any electronic means of casting votes, storing votes and tallying of votes or system where election data is recorded, stored and process primarily as digital information (Tanzila Afrin, Prof.K.J.Satao, 2013; Mohammed Awad Ernst L. Leiss, 2011). E-voting system can be of several forms but the most prominent among all is the Internet voting (I-voting) and Direct Recording Electronics (DRE).

With I-voting, voters can vote at the comfort of their homes, offices etc. remotely once they have access to the internet and the voting occurs without the supervision of any election official. Whiles with DRE voting occurs with voters voting on a dedicated computer at a polling station or at a controlled location, and we term those as voting kiosk (Sanjay Kumar and Ekta Walia, 2011). DRE voting occurs under the supervision of election officials.

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