An Intelligent Parking System in Smart Cities Using IoT

An Intelligent Parking System in Smart Cities Using IoT

Amardeep Das (C. V. Raman College of Engineering, India), Prasant Kumar Dash (C. V. Raman College of Engineering, India) and Brojo Kishore Mishra (C. V. Raman College of Engineering, India)
Copyright: © 2018 |Pages: 26
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-2947-7.ch012
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Smart City is the product of accelerated development of the new generation information technology and knowledge-based economy, based on the network combination of the Internet, telecommunications network, broadcast network, wireless broadband network and other sensors networks where Internet of Things technology (IoT) as its core. Traffic congestion caused by vehicle is an alarming problem at a global scale and it has been growing exponentially. Searching for a parking space is a routine (and often frustrating) activity for many people in cities around the world. This search burns about one million barrels of the world's oil every day. A smart Parking system typically obtains information about available parking spaces in a particular geographic area and process is real-time to place vehicles at available positions. In our proposed chapter, we will be discussing the advanced features of IoT in order to development an intelligent parking management system in a smart city i.e. called as Smart Parking system.
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Internet of Things (IoT) is the network of devices that are connected together and communicating with each other to perform certain tasks, without requiring human-to-human or human-to-computer interaction. The Internet of Things is about installing sensors (RFID, IR, GPS, laser scanners, etc.) for everything, and connecting them to the internet through specific protocols for information exchange and communications, in order to achieve intelligent recognition, location, tracking, monitoring and management (Introduction to internet of things (n. d.). With the technical support from IoT, smart city need to have three features of being instrumented, interconnected and intelligent. Only then a Smart City can be formed by integrating all these intelligent features at its advanced stage of IOT development.

According to the McKinsey report “Disruptive technologies: Advances that will transform life, business, and the global economy, the Internet of things (IoT) is one of the top three technological advancements of the next decade (together with the mobile internet and the automation of knowledge work). The report goes on to say that “The Internet of Things is such a sweeping concept that it is a challenge to even imagine all the possible ways in which it will affect business, economies, and society”. Definitions for the Internet of Things vary. According to McKinsey: “Sensors and actuators embedded in physical objects are linked through wired and wireless networks, often using the same Internet Protocol (IP) that connects the Internet” (Uckelmann, Harrison & Michahelles, 2011).

The idea is that not only your computer and your smart phone can talk to each other, but also all the things around you. From connected homes and cities to connected cars and machines to devices that track an individual’s behavior and use the data collected for new kind of services. “The Internet of things will involve a massive build-out of connected devices and sensors woven into the fabric of our lives and businesses. Devices deeply embedded in public and private places will recognize us and adapt to our requirements for comfort, safety, streamlined commerce, entertainment, education, resource conservation, operational efficiency and personal well-being.”, according to Intel’s report “Rise of the Embedded Internet”.

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