Applications of Geospatial Research in Earth Resources

Applications of Geospatial Research in Earth Resources

Joyce Gosata Maphanyane (University of Botswana, Botswana), Read Brown Mthanganyika Mapeo (University of Botswana, Botswana) and Modupe O. Akinola (University of Botswana, Botswana)
Copyright: © 2018 |Pages: 17
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-3440-2.ch002
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Abstract

This chapter is a continuation from Chapter 1. The two chapters draw attention to discussions on the Earth and its systems, which are driven by the outer motion of the Solar System. It gives an analytical view of what is known about the Universe. It elaborates upon the Earth's structure and the associated spheres and their interactions. These interactions account for activities that form the whole Earth dynamism, which manifest as tectonic movements, polar wondering and magnetic reversals, seasonal changes, hydrological cycle, atmospheric processes and life on Earth as a whole. The study of these is a fundamental component of geospatial science research.
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What Is Known About The Universe Today

Scientific facts about the Universe show that it was formed some 13.7 billion years ago after the BIG BANG, therefore, it is dynamic, complex, fiery, an extremely huge phenomena and still expanding. Table 1 summaries 15 known facts about the Universe.

Figure 1.

The Sun and its solar system

(Source: derived from Fletcher, 2002;NASA, 1994 - 2015)

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