Artificial Intelligence to Super Artificial Intelligence, Cyber Culture to Transhumanist Culture: Change of the Age and Human

Artificial Intelligence to Super Artificial Intelligence, Cyber Culture to Transhumanist Culture: Change of the Age and Human

Serap Uğur (Anadolu University, Turkey) and Gulsun Kurubacak (Anadolu University, Turkey)
Copyright: © 2019 |Pages: 16
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-8431-5.ch001

Abstract

The 21st century is a period in which technological developments constantly present new innovations. This broad spectrum, from computers to mobile technologies, from augmented reality to virtual reality, from wearable technologies to artificial intelligence, is radically changing societies' economies, education systems, governments, and even cultures. Artificial intelligence studies have reached a point where people discuss how a human-like intelligence would be. This leads to the emergence of systems that regulate the work, daily lives, communications, jobs, and even family budgets of people. These developments also change the living standards and styles of individuals. The cultural texture that technology has restructured is now called “cyber” beyond digital. But how will the future technologies affect this cultural change and what kind of change awaits?
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Introduction

The 21st century is a period in which technological developments constantly present new innovations. This broad spectrum, from computers to mobile technologies, from augmented reality to virtual reality, from wearable technologies to artificial intelligence, is radically changing societies' economies, education systems, governments and even cultures.

Artificial intelligence studies have reached to a point where people discuss how a human-like intelligence would be. This leads to the emergence of systems that regulate the work, daily lives, communications, jobs, and even family budgets of people. These developments also change the living standards and styles of individuals. The cultural texture that technology has restructured is now called “cyber” beyond digital. But how will the future technologies affect this cultural change and what kind of change awaits?

Transhumanism aims at eliminating undesirable or unnecessary aspects of human physical and / or cognitive abilities, such as aging and illness (More, 1990). It is known as an international intellectual and cultural movement suggesting that technology and science should be utilized for this aim. Future is shaped by technology and in the future, a new human-like form invention with its semi-human semi-robot body, as well as an artificial intelligence and improved minds are waiting for us. In this case, the structure of societies will also change and cultural differentiations will be inevitable. Of course, there will be some people who will willingly accept this transformation but there will also be people who will refuse it or do it out of pure need. There will be those who experience this transformation in their body. In addition, there will be those who will support or will be against this experience. The new cultural structure, which will come along with such an era, has already begun to take its shape.

In this study, the predictions of futuristic researchers about how technologies will affect the daily life in the coming years are examined and the effects of these developments on culture are discussed.

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