Between Hackers and White-Collar Offenders

Between Hackers and White-Collar Offenders

Orly Turgeman-Goldschmidt (Bar-Ilan University, Israel)
Copyright: © 2012 |Pages: 20
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-61350-323-2.ch708
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Abstract

Scholars often view hacking as one category of computer crime, and computer crime as white-collar crime. However, no study to date has examined the extent to which hackers exhibit the same characteristics as white-collar offenders. This chapter looks at empirical data drawn from 54 face-to-face interviews with Israeli hackers, in light of the literature in the field of white-collar offenders, concentrating on their accounts and socio-demographic characteristics. Hackers and white-collar offenders differ significantly in age and in their accounts. White-collar offenders usually act for economic gain; hackers act for fun, curiosity, and opportunities to demonstrate their computer virtuosity. Hackers, in contrast to white-collar offenders, do not deny their responsibility, nor do they tell a “sad tale.”

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