Changing the Quality of Life After Therapy of Orthodontic Irregularities: Quality of Life and Orthodontics

Changing the Quality of Life After Therapy of Orthodontic Irregularities: Quality of Life and Orthodontics

Mirka Stojanovic (Independent Researcher, Serbia)
Copyright: © 2019 |Pages: 17
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-7513-9.ch006

Abstract

The effect of orthodontic therapy of different orthodontic anomalies on life quality referred to one's personality. Congenital or acquired orthodontic anomalies are a great problem of today's children and youth. Fast way of life, young mothers urging to be in top form after giving birth to a child, neglecting breastfeeding as a presumption to be the most important for the proper development of the orofacial system leads to numerous irregularities in the teeth development. Maternal deprivation and closeness deprivation, warmth deprivation, present the majority of proper children's development and their psycho-physical development. Any anomaly is evident on the face, either asymmetry, open bite with interlacing the tongue between the teeth, whether in the disorder of the face, the lowered jaw, the incongruous profile and speech disorder, breathing, etc. From the previous, the negative feelings of children and youth, depression, fall in the elimination of life, limitation of working abilities, etc. Solving them leads to joy, happiness, raising the quality of life.
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Introduction

Since it is about growth and development and its errors, orthodontics present an important medical branch. Growth and life are synonymous and inseparable. It is a process that transforms zygote - one cell into a multicellular adult with about 12.5 trillion cells. It is a long period of time in the most vulnerable period of life. The skeleton of the head develops from the mesoderm which envelopes the brain during the development. It consists of a skeleton of neurocranium and viscerogranium. Neurocranium or chondrocranium initially consists of a cartilaginous base that is formed by merging the following cartilage: parachordal cartilage, occipital somite, hypophyseal cartilage, trabecule cranii, ala orbitalis, nasal capsules, etc. The membrane part of the neurocranium develops by intramembranosal ossification of the bone of the skull of the skull. Early basis of viscerocranium also makes cartilage tissue. Bone growth of the viscerocranium in the intrauterine period takes place in the processes of apposition and resorption, which are always associated with bone remodeling (Moss,1963)

Figure 1.

Relationship of facial skull and skull size in newborn, five-year-olds and adults where the relationship between the skull and the face takes place in favor of the facial skeleton

That is why it is very important that the dynamics and proportions of the skeleton skull and face are in harmony. Like the relationship between the head and the whole body.

Movement of face height toward total body height by Krogman.

Figure 2.

(A) Fourth month of fetal age, (B) Newborn, (C) Two years, (D) Five years, (E) Thirteen years, (F) Twenty-two years

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Diagnostics

Diagnostic approach is done prior to the therapy. The diagnosis is a set of symptoms and its purpose is to treat the disease or malformation causally. The main goal of orthodontic diagnostics is to recognize and evaluate morphological and functional deviations as well as deviations in the growth and development of the craniofacial complex.

The initial criterion for orthodontic diagnostics is eugnatia - the norm of occlusion. Functionally, in eugnatie, there is a dynamic balance between oral and vestibularly placed soft tissues that surround tooth jaws. Any deviation from normo-occlusion is called disgnathia or anomaly. In the diagnostic sense, we adhere to certain norms (Angle,1913).

Figure 3.

Angelo’s classification of malocclusion

Figure 4.

Dürer's performance of different face profiles: right (left), convex (middle) and concave (right)

Figure 5.

Facial features and appropriate shape and width of dental arches: brahikefal (levo), mezokephal (middle) and dolihokefal (right)

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