Classification of Cybercrimes and Punishments under the Information Technology Act, 2000

Classification of Cybercrimes and Punishments under the Information Technology Act, 2000

Sree Krishna Bharadwaj H. (National Law School of India University, India)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-0193-0.ch004
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Abstract

Cybercrimes are those crimes which are associated with the latest technology including internet. There are various forms of committing crimes using the internet. As a result newer forms of crimes have emerged in the society. Some of the newer crimes are traditional crimes which are committed through the internet such as defamation, fraud, harassment, trespass etc. It is necessary to understand what the laws in India suggest towards these kind of newer crimes happening in the society. This paper deals with the types of cybercrimes and also provides the offences and punishments under the Information Technology Act, 2000 in India.
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Definition of Cyber Crimes

Cybercrime is defined as a crime in which a computer is the object of the crime (hacking, phishing, spamming) or is used as a tool to commit an offense (child pornography, hate crimes). Cybercriminals may use computer technology to access personal information, business trade secrets, or use the Internet for exploitive or malicious purposes. Criminals can also use computers for communication and document or data storage. Criminals who perform these illegal activities are often referred to as hackers. (Techopedia, 2015). The Tech Terms Computer Dictionary defines Cybercrime as a criminal activity done using computers and the Internet. This includes anything from downloading illegal music files to stealing millions of dollars from online bank accounts. Cybercrime also includes non-monetary offenses, such as creating and distributing viruses on other computers or posting confidential business information on the Internet. (The Tech Terms Computer Dictionary, 2015). The Encyclopaedia Britannica defines Cybercrime, also called computer crime, the use of a computer as an instrument to further illegal ends, such as committing fraud, trafficking in child pornography and intellectual property, stealing identities, or violating privacy. Cybercrime, especially through the Internet, has grown in importance as the computer has become central to commerce, entertainment, and government (Encyclopaedia Britannica, 2015).

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