Co-Operation between the Public Administration and Non-Profit Organisations as a Condition of the Development of Public Entrepreneurship: On the Example of the Selected World Solutions

Co-Operation between the Public Administration and Non-Profit Organisations as a Condition of the Development of Public Entrepreneurship: On the Example of the Selected World Solutions

Angelika Wodecka-Hyjek (Cracow University of Economics, Poland)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-0731-4.ch012
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Abstract

The chapter presents the models of co-operation between the public administration and non-profit organisations with regard to performing public services, supporting civil initiatives, building social dialogue and shaping civil society in the context of the development of public entrepreneurship. The issues presented at the beginning related to the separation of entrepreneurship in the public sector; emphasis was put on the need for co-operation between the public sector and non-profit organisations as a condition of the development of public entrepreneurship. Then the models of co-operation of the public sector and non-profit organisations in the UK, Canada, Estonia and Poland were characterised. In consequence of the conducted discourse, postulates and recommendations were presented with regard to building efficient and effective co-operation between the public administration and the sector of non-profit organisations and its role in the development of public entrepreneurship.
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Inter-Sector Co-Operation As An Symptom Of Public Entrepreneurship

Entrepreneurship in the public sector was separated as a result of changes resulting from the implementation of new principles of functioning of this sector, according to the New Public Management idea, pertaining to the following issues: hands-on professional management in the public sector, explicit standards and measures of performance, greater emphasis on output control, shift to disaggregation of units in the public sector, shift to greater competition in the public sector, stress on private-sector styles of management practice and stress on greater discipline and parsimony in resources” (Hood, 1991, pp. 4–5). Common pressure on the rationalization of public expenses caused interest in the market model of public service provision, which was emphasised by D. Osborne and T. Gaebler (1994, pp. 50, 62), stating that public bodies have freedom to choose from among various manufacturers and forms of service provision, on the basis of valid tender procedures.

Entrepreneurship as an economic-social phenomenon is subject to evolution, which is reflected in different forms and types of entrepreneurship emerging at different stages of development.

Key Terms in this Chapter

Network of Estonian Non-Profit Organisations (NENO): A co-operation platform whose goal is to support and improve relations of non-governmental organisations with the public sector, promote civil activities and principles of civil society and advocacy in external relations of its members.

The Compact: a voluntary agreement that aims to foster strong, effective partnerships between public bodies and voluntary organisations in England.

The Accord: Represents a public commitment by the Government of Canada and the voluntary sector to more open, transparent, consistent and collaborative ways for the two sectors to work together.

UDPP: (Act on public benefit activities and voluntary service of 24 April 2003 [Journal of Laws No. 96, item 873 as amended]) regulates the forms and principles of co-operation between local government units and non-governmental organisations in Poland. The Act determines the forms of this co-operation and sets out precisely the principles of contracting public tasks to non-governmental organisations.

Public Sector Entrepreneurship: (refers to state/semi-state enterprises) In this research is the process that exists within the public sector organisation that results in innovative activities such as the development of new and existing services, technologies, administrative techniques, and new improved strategies, risk taking and productivity ( Kearney, Hisrich & Roche 2009 , p. 29).

Estonian Civil Society Development Concept (EKAK): A strategic document, specifying the role of public authorities and civil initiatives, mutual relations of public authorities and non-governmental organisations in shaping and executing public policies and building civil society in Estonia. It relates to the inter-sector issues, such as: participation in creation of policy, funds, outsourcing of public services, civil awareness and education, voluntary service and philanthropy.

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