On Cognitive Properties of Human Factors and Error Models in Engineering and Socialization

On Cognitive Properties of Human Factors and Error Models in Engineering and Socialization

Yingxu Wang (University of Calgary, Canada)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-60566-902-1.ch006
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Abstract

Human factors are the most predominated factors in all systems where humans are part of the systems. Human traits and needs are the fundamental force underlying almost all phenomena in human task performances, engineering organizations, and socialization. This article explores the cognitive foundations of human traits and cognitive properties of human factors in engineering. A comprehensive set of fundamental traits of human beings are identified, and the hierarchical model of basic human needs is formally described. The characteristics of human factors and their influences in engineering organizations and socialization are explored. Based on the models of basic human traits, needs, and their influences, driving forces behind the human factors in engineering and society are revealed. A formal model of human errors in task performance is derived, and case studies of the error model in software engineering are presented.
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Cognitive Foundations Of Human Traits

Studies on human traits form the foundation of sociology because every individual’s social behavior is driven and constrained by those axiomatic human traits and the derived needs based on them (Wang, 2002, 2003, 2007a, 2007c; Wang et al., 2006; Wickens et al., 1998; Wiggins et al., 1994). The studies on human traits also form the foundation for engineering organization.

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