Combating Human Trafficking: Recommendations for Police Leadership in Establishing Transnational Collaboration

Combating Human Trafficking: Recommendations for Police Leadership in Establishing Transnational Collaboration

Michael Pittaro (American Military University, USA)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-4666-8376-1.ch017
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Abstract

Human trafficking is one of the fastest and continuously evolving transnational crimes of this century, preceded only slightly by gun and drug trafficking; yet it is projected that human trafficking will soon surpass both unless government and nongovernmental officials throughout the world take immediate, collaborative action to deter and punish traffickers and educate and protect prospective trafficking victims. For that reason, combating human trafficking requires ongoing national and international communication, cooperation, and collaboration, particularly amongst law enforcement leadership across the globe. Only then will law enforcement be able to limit the ability of traffickers to operate freely and help prevent future victims from being trafficked. The primary purpose of drawing international attention to this chapter is in illuminating the challenges of police leadership in combating incidents of transnational human trafficking as well as to propose plausible to assist and support future global leadership and collaboration within and across police agencies.
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Human Trafficking Defined

Although definitions of human trafficking vary slightly from country to country, the definition used within this chapter will be that from the United States as initially defined within The Victims of Trafficking and Violence Protection Act of 2000 (Trafficking in Persons Report, 2014). The Victims of Trafficking and Violence Protection Act of 2000 (P.L. 106-386) and the Trafficking Victims Protection Reauthorization Acts of 2003, 2005, 2008, and most recently, 2013 provide the tools to combat human trafficking both worldwide and domestically (Trafficking in Persons Report, 2014).

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