Development of Hybrid Cellulose Bio Nanocomposite From Banana and Jute Fiber

Development of Hybrid Cellulose Bio Nanocomposite From Banana and Jute Fiber

Ayush Rathore (Maulana Azad National Institute of Technology, Bhopal, India) and Mohan Kumar Pradhan (Maulana Azad National Institute of Technology, Bhopal, India)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-2440-3.ch017

Abstract

In the era of globalization and industrialization the concern is limited only in development, without taking the environment into consideration this leads to global warming and big ecological changes in recent year. The material like Synthetic materials used in many applications due to ease of fabrication and higher strength, but the major disadvantage with it is, its neither recyclable nor bio-degradable. Therefore, the researchers develop a new material and technique for the sustainable development. A lot of researches were carried out in the reinforcing potential in the polymer matrix composite, reinforcing can be of two kinds synthetic and natural fiber. Natural fiber is gaining importance in the last decade due to its ecofriendly nature and does not leave carbon foot print, for better utilization of banana and jute fiber for making value added products. Hence, in this work the objective is to develop a new class of hybrid nano-materials from natural fiber such as banana and jute fiber. This chapter sees an opportunity of enhancement of interface property.
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Objective

  • To develop a new class of material using banana jute as a reinforcement with the epoxy as a base material in construction, automobile segment such as door panels, railing, window, frames, parts of engine such as insulators which can resist various stresses.

  • To prepare nano-composite from banana and jute fibber in epoxy as a matrix, having good strength and other mechanical properties.

  • To characterise the banana, jute, fiber based epoxy nano-composite, to analyse various properties such as surface morphology, mechanical and chemical properties.

  • To analyse effect of various process parameter on strength of nano-cellulose.

  • To analyze the change in material properties with different weight percent of banana and jute nano-particles. The variation in mechanical properties are studied and analyzed. Here, the tensile strength has calculated by universal testing machine, impact strength has calculated by pendulum impact tester and flexural strength has calculated by universal testing machine with flexural test arrangement of the specimen. Then the treated and untreated specimens are analyzed and compared through Scanning Electron Microscope to study about its adhesion between fiber and resin matrix and surface morphology by AFM.

  • A new class of differentiation can be analyzed, materials is designed with fibers as a reinforcing, same fiber as a particle reinforcing to compare the results. Found that nano-cellulose can be used as an excellent reinforcing agent in biodegradable polymer systems due to its high surface area, unique morphology and mechanical strength. This may be suitable for automotive applications.

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Property And Structure Of Banana Fiber

It is outstanding to notice that natural fibers like jute, coir, banana, sisal, etc. are richly available in developing countries like European country, Thailand and a few of the African countries, but are not optimally utilized. The different mechanical Property of natural fiber as shown in (Table 1) (Kalia, Kaith & Kaur, 2009). At present, these fibers are measured used for the assembly of yarns, ropes, mats and matting in addition as in creating fancy articles like decoration, table mats, purses and purses. Fibers like cotton, banana and pineapple are utilized in creating material additionally to being used within the paper trade. its a widely known in controvertible fact that banana is one in every of the earliest cultivated plants within the world. Banana-trees turn out usually thirty massive leaves (almost 3 m long and 35-65 cm wide) (Sakthivel and Ramesh, 2013). The micrograph of the longitudinal section and cross section of the banana fiber strands were taken the cross sectional space of the banana fiber was investigate d by victimization optical light beam instrumentality, and it absolutely was found to be zero, 3598 MM2. The plot of stress vs. proportion of strain for banana fiber is more or less linear; with a stress value of around 570 MPa, once the sharp of the strain is there. A truck model Manaca was developed and tested by, victimization banana fiber and epoxy resin (Pickering, Efendy & Le, 2013). However, some special and significant panels were made from hybrid composites of glass/banana fibers. The vehicle went through a few years of road performance tests and provided wonderful results.

Figure 1.

Jute fiber

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