Education in Egypt and its Role in the Global Community

Education in Egypt and its Role in the Global Community

Azzam Abd-El Naby Ahmed (Beni Suef University, Egypt), Maria Martinez Witte (Auburn University, USA) and James E. Witte (Auburn University, USA)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-4666-4498-4.ch005
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Abstract

The Egyptian revolution of January 2011 has brought about tremendous changes within Egypt’s political and social institutions. This chapter examines historical and current events that have shaped educational reform and practices. Educational policies have been heavily influenced by external agencies. International organizations have targeted educational programming and infrastructure resulting in educational transfer practices focused on global topics. Issues surrounding post-revolution educational changes are addressed as well as the role of globalization processes.
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Egyptian Educational Administration

The government is responsible for the management and supervision of education at all levels according to the Egyptian Constitution (Cochran, 2008). The supervision of education is mainly the responsibility of the Ministry of Education and the responsibility for pre-higher education is based on the provisions of Education Act No. 139 (Egyptian Ministry of Education, 1981). In accordance with its provisions, the resultant educational system is a model that reflects central planning and decentralized implementation (Abdel-Moneim, 1997; Abdel-Shafi, 1996). The educational management system includes four administrative levels related to decision making which are the Ministry of Education, Directorate level, Educational Administration, and School level (Hassan, 2000). All levels of education administration use a regulatory and legal framework which influences educational decision making. A major function of education administration is to provide for planning, accountability, and formation of public policy for education, and to resolve any problems (Abdul-Fattah, 1996; Ministry of Education, 1993).

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