Effects on Car Ownership Rates Resulting from Increased Parking Lots in Residential Areas: The Case of Gated Communities

Effects on Car Ownership Rates Resulting from Increased Parking Lots in Residential Areas: The Case of Gated Communities

Leyla Alkan (Gazi University, Turkey)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-2116-7.ch007
OnDemand PDF Download:
$30.00
List Price: $37.50

Abstract

New development areas impose higher parking supply than needed, and these excessive parking requirements impose the rise of car usage in cities. In this study, it is aimed to analyze the relationship between development patterns of residential areas and supply of parking spaces by focusing gated communities in Ankara. The results of the study revealed that the number of garage parking spaces is positively related to the developments of gated communities, and the ratio of having private open parking space is lesser for the non-estate housing. The results of the analysis also revealed that the ratio of having a garage is higher for new buildings, and house prices are affected significantly by the presence of both garage and open parking spaces. In the study, it is interesting to note the rise of number of road motor vehicles in Turkey after the developments of gated communities started to emerge in the 1990s. Also, the results of the study revealed that there is a positive relationship between the emergence of gated communities and the rise in the number of motor vehicles in Ankara.
Chapter Preview
Top

Residential Parking Demand

Modern cities under the influence of car oriented policies suffer from uncontrolled urban growth, and consequently settlements return to mono-functional urban forms (Knoflacher & Ocalir, 2011). Urban sprawl is considered by most environmental scientists and urban planners to be a serious environmental problem (Davis et al., 2010), and parking policy is an important link between transport and land-use policies (Marsden, 2006) and urban growth. There is growing awareness that urban form has significant effects on travel behaviors and car usage.

Complete Chapter List

Search this Book:
Reset