Energy Management System Concepts

Energy Management System Concepts

Adam Bedford (UCLAN, UK)
Copyright: © 2012 |Pages: 23
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-4666-1625-7.ch003


World energy is rapidly approaching a point of transition where the traditional types of generation will be replaced with distributed generation. This will put an enormous strain on existing power grids and, if not properly managed, may lead to brownouts, blackouts, and enormous expenditures to upgrade the grids. Energy management technologies provide a means of smoothing the transition to these new technologies by manipulating generation and storage technologies and managing demands. Energy management coupled with energy storage is particularly important because it can deliver improved efficiency and reduce power spiking, reducing the strain on the grid. Improving the operation of the grid will be key to future developments in developed nations; however, the lessons learned could help to advance the structure of developing nation’s power grids to accelerate the introduction of clean energy worldwide.
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This chapter is intended to give an overview of energy management and its application to existing and future energy generation. It will also introduce energy storage concepts and demonstrate how they may be used to influence generation, demand and power grid efficiencies.

The next section will provide some background about the structure of national grids including regulations, methods of generation and transmission, explanation of power quality and some of the basic issues surrounding the introduction of distributed generation.

The importance of energy management section gives the major arguments for energy management and recent figures for world energy demands.

The managed systems section gives more details about individual energy systems including centralized and distributed generation, descriptions and explanations of all major existing energy storage concepts/technologies, the key potential benefits of energy storage in the future grid, outlines for different types of energy demand and introductory material on smart metering and intelligent systems.

Key Factors outlines the drivers for energy management.

This chapter concludes with the international dimension, discussing the need for and potential benefits of energy management in the developed and developing world.

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