Enhanced Student Engagement Through Active Learning and Emerging Technologies

Enhanced Student Engagement Through Active Learning and Emerging Technologies

Victoria M. Cardullo (Auburn University, USA), Nance S. Wilson (SUNY Cortland, USA) and Vassiliki I. Zygouris-Coe (University of Central Florida, USA)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-3417-4.ch058
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Active learning and emerging technologies are enhancing student learning though an explicit intentional educational design such as Flipping the Classroom and Project Based Learning to empower students. In this chapter, the authors describe an active learning classroom and emerging technologies that support learning for the 21st century. Using vignettes, the authors model how the metacognitive teacher supports the use of emerging technologies for active learning using the Metacognitive Technological Pedagogical Content Knowledge Framework (M-TPACK) (Wilson, Zygouris-Coe, Cardullo, & Fong, 2013). Finally, the authors describe Blooms Taxonomy (Bloom et al., 1956) for active learning and make connections to emerging technologies and the level of integration using the SAMR Model: Substitution, Augmentation, Modification, and Redefinition (Puentedura, 2006).
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Today’s students differ from the students our educational system was designed to teach. American education for students was designed for agrarian and industrial eras and it does not meet the needs of the 21st century (West, 2012). Education of the 21st century must be active, engaging, and customized to fit the needs of the individual learner. According to the Framework for 21st Century Learning (see http://atc21s.org/index.php/about/what-are-21st-century-skills/), postulated that 21st century skills are found in four categories:

  • 1.

    Ways of Thinking: Creativity, critical thinking, problem-solving, and decision-making and learning;

  • 2.

    Ways of Working: Communication and collaboration;

  • 3.

    Tools for Working: Information and communication technology (ICT), and information literacy; and

  • 4.

    Skills for Living in the World: Citizenship, life and career, and personal and social responsibility.

The ATC21S has also identified two skills that span across all of the aforementioned categories: collaborative problem-solving and Information Communication Technologies (ICT)—learning in digital networks. As a nation, we must develop students’ 21st century skills to ensure that they will have a place in a global competitive economy.

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