Ethical Appraisal of the Role of Civil Society in Nigeria: Pathway for Social Inclusion and Sustainable Development

Ethical Appraisal of the Role of Civil Society in Nigeria: Pathway for Social Inclusion and Sustainable Development

Essien D. Essien (University of Uyo, Nigeria)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-7998-1207-4.ch052

Abstract

Contemporary studies surrounding the creation of civil society in Africa have revealed two important findings. First, despite the effort of civil society organizations in supporting inclusive democratic governance, promoting participation, advocating for transparency and accountability, sustainable development and stability remain elusive due to the challenges of social exclusion. Second, institutions central to the exercise of governmental powers exhibit inefficiency, weakness, lack transparency, and low credibility which worsen extreme poverty, inequality, and deprivation. Drawing upon extensive contemporary literature on social exclusion and inclusive growth, this study examines the role of civil society organisations as a pathway for social inclusion and sustainable development. Findings reveal that the management and distribution of services in the Nigerian society is largely inefficient and exclusionary, leading to myriad of social problems. This study has a significant implication for cumulative research on the subject of inclusive society and sustainable development.
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Clarification Of Key Terms

The concept of social inclusion or an inclusive society is not particularly well defined and theorized by scholars (Faria 1995:33); it lacks a clear definition and coherent theoretical core. There are however, many competing and sometimes complementary definitions of concepts related to the idea of an inclusive society. These definitions have changed over time and differ according to the theoretical perspective or paradigms used. Even though there is no consensus and no single agreed understanding, for clarity a few key terminologies will be explained. They include the following: inclusive society, social inclusion, social exclusion, social citizenship, social integration, social cohesion and social participation.

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