Ethical Controversy over Information and Communication Technology

Ethical Controversy over Information and Communication Technology

Pilar Alejandra Cortés Pascual (University of Zaragoza, Spain)
Copyright: © 2009 |Pages: 10
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-60566-022-6.ch015
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Abstract

‘What positive and negative aspects are perceived of Information and Communications Technologies (ICT)?’ and ‘What dilemmas arise regarding these technologies?’ are the two questions addressed in this chapter. First of all, we have conducted a theoretical analysis comparing various ICT characteristic from two different perspectives: the positive and the negative ones of ICT. Secondly, we present the results in two work modules conducted in the Observation Laboratory of Technoethics for Adults (LOTA) project, already explained in the previous chapter, with an inference towards intervention.
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To my nephews

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The Yin And Yang Of Ict

Martins and García (2003) are of the opinion that ICT can facilitate the passage from the knowledge society to wisdom. A dilemma surrounding ICT between technology optimism and pessimism. Obviously the third environment or space for ICT presents a series of risks (Echeverría, 2004) in various areas: technological, economic, military, political, social, legal, ecological, moral, religious, aesthetic, epistemic and basic, although, extending the author’s thesis, it also provides relevant macrosocial and individual possibilities. This seems interesting and perhaps we should aim for an intermediate Aristotelian position which would be wise indeed. Certainly, the exclusive and extremist principle of absolute precaution before ICT (Luján and López, 2002) is not the right course, but rather a more eclectic one should be adopted. In this regard, for example, García (1998a, b) proposes 7 “virtues” and 7 “sins” of ICT (the basis for the first activity proposed in this chapter). It is also very interesting to review the ERIC base (2007), with references to the benefits and the detrimental aspects of technologies, as well as the paper by Luján and Told (2007) based on the perception of citizens themselves to analyze the relationship between the role of science and technologies and values.

Key Terms in this Chapter

Underuse of ICT: Missing information and labor problems.

Dilemma: Sociocognitive and socioaffective conflict forcing them to choose one of the values opposed.

Abuse of ICT: addiction; isolation, passivity, takes time away from other activities and diminishes originality.

Marshall Plan: ( Castells, 2002 ): Proposal for the Information Era with various ethics strategic recommendations.

Alter Ego: Another personality to play in the web.

Nanotechnology: The current scientific revolution applied at a nanoscale to technologically manipulate molecular structures and atoms

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