Firms’ Connections and Open Innovation: The Case of Innovative Spanish Firms

Firms’ Connections and Open Innovation: The Case of Innovative Spanish Firms

María-Isabel Encinar (Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Spain), Ainhoa Herrarte (Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Spain) and Félix-Fernando Muñoz (Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Spain)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-61350-341-6.ch009
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The main aim of this chapter is to determine whether or not and to what extent innovative Spanish firms apply open innovation practices. Accordingly, the authors analyze microdata from the Technological Innovation Panel (PITEC) database. This study develops a methodology that focuses on the description of the existing connections between the elements that constitute a socio-economic system: they extract data belonging to firms that have declared that they apply innovation activities and then the authors analyze the links between innovative firms based on the concept of systemic innovations (vs autonomous innovations) as a means to explaining open innovation. Systemic innovations require interaction between complementary innovators through different collaboration mechanisms that reveal links between parts of the system. From this perspective, the authors depict a profile of the innovation links in innovative Spanish firms involved in open innovation practices, together with a characterization of what they call an ‘open innovator firm’.
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Open Innovation, Systemic Innovation And Firms’ Connections: A Methodological Proposal

Many important research questions prompted by open innovation are related to understanding the incentives for generating the new discoveries and inventions that will supply the basis for future R&D innovation activities. Following Chesbrough (2006), there are at least four important perspectives from which to research said incentives: the perspective of the individual; the perspective of the organisation; the perspective of the community; and the institutional perspective.

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