From Science to Practice: Implementation and Clinical Guidelines for an Internet Intervention for Postpartum Depression

From Science to Practice: Implementation and Clinical Guidelines for an Internet Intervention for Postpartum Depression

Filip Drozd (National Network for Infant Mental Health, Norway), Silje Marie Haga (National Network of Infant Mental Health, Norway), and Kari Slinning (National Network for Infant Mental Health, Norway)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-6915-2.ch037
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This chapter provides a practical hands-on blueprint needed to design and plan the implementation of internet interventions, addressing all the important aspects of the implementation process. The guidelines are based on the active implementation framework by Fixsen and colleagues (2005) and provide readers with a case example of an internet intervention in Norwegian primary care. They describe the “how-to” of implementation from presenting the background of the intervention, the theory behind implementation, actual implementation planning, evaluation, and clinical work. This serves to give stakeholders a common framework for understanding the requirements for implementing an intervention in practice, the activities and resources needed, and may guide an organization through the implementation process. The case example also shows that implementation and clinical guidelines are mutually affected by each other, and should be developed and viewed together.
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Implementation Guidelines

The guidelines are structured and organized in four sections. Section 1 briefly presents the historical background for the intervention, its research and development, and describes the intervention, its target group, and the context for implementation. Section 2 presents the theory behind the guidelines to provide stakeholders with a common understanding of the different concepts of implementation. Section 3 translates the theory into practice, illustrated with examples from a plan for the implementation of an internet intervention for perinatal depression in well-baby clinics. Finally, section 4 includes the clinical guidelines for the use of the intervention with pregnant women. The clinical and implementation guidelines affect each other mutually and must be viewed together. Implementation, for example, affects the timing of guided support and guided support, in turn, influences the contents of training and coaching.

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