Green Information System for a Sustainable Enterprise

Green Information System for a Sustainable Enterprise

Laura-Diana Radu (Alexandru Ioan Cuza University of Iasi, Romania)
Copyright: © 2017 |Pages: 25
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-2075-7.ch005
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Abstract

The changes made in the environment as a consequence of massive industrialization led to a change in the vision of mankind on how organizations should interact with the ecosystem. In the same time information system has a key role in their activity. The increasing their use is accompanied by positive effects. This chapter presents the changes necessary for transformation traditional information systems in green information system. The organization's motivations to develop and implement strategies and regulations for environmental protection are varied. They can be the organization's internal drivers, such as reducing delivery costs, increasing efficiency, improving market reputation, and external, such as government legislation or policies, regulations, competition. Changes necessary to implement green information system are presented based on agile model life cycle and in accord with organizations objectives.
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Background

Considering the degree of involvement of organizations in promoting sustainable ecological development, Hart (1997) identifies three objectives: (1) preventing pollution by minimizing the waste and CO2 emissions, (2) manage the product characteristics after consideration the partners/clients’ opinions and optimize the whole life-cycle, (3) sustainable ecological development accomplished by diminishing the influence of the organization on the environment and assuming a vision on long-term ecological research. IT and IS can contribute to the accomplishment of these objectives as object and subject of the ecological sustainable development by reducing their influence on the environment, as well as by improving the influence of products and services on the accomplishment they participate in.

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