Guidelines for Design and Implementation of Mobile Learning

Guidelines for Design and Implementation of Mobile Learning

Mohamed Ally (Athabasca University, Canada) and Mohammed Samaka (Qatar University, Qatar)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-0466-5.ch009
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Abstract

As technology evolves, there is a shift towards the use of mobile technology to deliver education both on-campus in a blended format and online delivery. This shift is moving at a very fast pace which is a major challenge for educational organizations which has to train staff and build the infrastructure for mobile delivery. Educators have to be trained on how to develop quality mobile learning materials, how to use the technology for the delivery, and how to provide quality support to students so that they are successful when using mobile technology to learn. This chapter provides guidelines for designing and implementing mobile learning.
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Background

There are many definitions of mobile learning. According to Ally (2004), mobile learning is the use of electronic learning materials with built-in learning strategies for delivery on mobile computing devices to allow access from anywhere and at anytime. O’Malley et al (2003) defined mobile learning as any sort of learning that happens when the learner is not at a fixed, predetermined location, or learning that happens when the learner takes advantage of the learning opportunities offered by mobile technologies. Traxler (2005) defined mobile learning as any educational provision where the sole or dominant technologies are handheld or palmtop devices. The definition of mobile learning we will be using in the chapter is “the delivery of learning materials and providing learning support on mobile devices to provide flexibility to the learner so that the learner can learn while they are mobile”.

Because of the proliferation in the use of mobile technologies around the world, there is a significant interest in mobile learning to provide flexibility in learning. The design of the mobile learning interface from a pedagogical viewport is critical to promote success in learning (Subramanya & Yi, 2006). A systematic framework must be used for the design of mobile learning so that developers can produce high quality learning materials that meet the needs of learners. This chapter will describe how to design, develop, and deliver mobile learning materials using Badrul Khan’s (2005) Framework (see Figure 1). However, it is important to discuss why mobile learning should be implemented in education and the benefits of mobile learning.

Figure 1.

Badrul Khan’s framework for mobile learning

(Adapted by permission)

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