Healthcare Big Data: A Comprehensive Overview

Healthcare Big Data: A Comprehensive Overview

Pijush Kanti Dutta Pramanik (National Institute of Technology Durgapur, India), Saurabh Pal (Bengal Institute of Technology, India) and Moutan Mukhopadhyay (Bengal Institute of Technology, India)
Copyright: © 2019 |Pages: 29
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-7071-4.ch004

Abstract

Big data has unlocked a new opening in healthcare. Thanks to the considerable benefits and opportunities, it has attracted the momentous attention of all the stakeholders in the healthcare industry. This chapter aims to provide an overall but thorough understanding of healthcare big data. The chapter covers the 10 ‘V's of healthcare big data as well as different healthcare data analytics including predictive and prescriptive analytics. The obvious advantages of implementing big data technologies in healthcare are meticulously described. The application areas and a good number of practical use cases are also discussed. Handling big data always remains a big challenge. The chapter identifies all the possible challenges in realizing the benefits of healthcare big data. The chapter also presents a brief survey of the tools and platforms, architectures, and commercial infrastructures for healthcare big data.
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2. Big Health Data

2.1. The Data Overload

Back in 2012, a study estimated that healthcare data boast the largest share (30%) in occupying the overall electronic data storage in the world (Brown, 2015). To make the things graver, healthcare data is growing at a rapid pace, in fact seriously rapid. Among the growing digital universe healthcare is one of the fastest growing sectors. A report from the EMC Corporation along with the research firm IDC suggests that the digital healthcare data is growing at 48% per year whereas the growth rate of the overall digital universe 40% per year for the (IDC, 2014). The report estimates that the size of healthcare data will swell to 2,314 Exabytes by 2020 from a figure of 153 Exabytes in 2013 with an annual growth rate of 48%. The report elaborates that if all the digital healthcare data are stored on a stack of tablet computers, the height of the tower, by the year 2020, would cross 82,000 miles scaling from 5,500 miles in 2013 (Leventhal, 2014). The above statistics are sufficient to get a picture of the growth rate of the healthcare data and if this rate is continued, the healthcare data volume will soon reach the zettabyte and yottabyte scale.

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