Historical Evolution of the Agile and Open Source Movements

Historical Evolution of the Agile and Open Source Movements

Barbara Russo (Free University of Bozen-Balzano, Italy), Marco Scotto (Free University of Bozen-Balzano, Italy), Alberto Sillitti (Free University of Bozen-Balzano, Italy) and Giancarlo Succi (Free University of Bozen-Balzano, Italy)
Copyright: © 2010 |Pages: 22
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-59904-681-5.ch001
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Abstract

Agile Methods (AMs) are very recent but many of their basic principles are rather old, inherited from the lean production pioneered in the ‘60s at Toyota for the production of cars. Moreover, many practices on which AMs are based have a long tradition in software development. For instance, unit testing has been used since the ‘60s. However, one of the major achievements of AMs is the integration of all these well established principles and practices with some others more recent such as pair programming. The Open Source (OS) movement has a long tradition as well. However, it was born as a way of licensing software not as a development method. Moreover, people producing OS software use a wide range of different approaches to software development. Even if, it is not possible to define a single OS development method, there are some basic principles and approaches that have become common in several OS communities.
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1.2 The Win-Win Spiral Software Development Model

The Win-Win spiral software development model (Boehm & Bose, 1994) is based on the ground-braking work of Barry Boehm, the first software engineering researcher to formalize an agile process. It is based on two pieces of research elaborated by Barry Boehm:

  • The Win-Win approach to requirement negotiation (Boehm et al., 1994)

  • The spiral software development model (Boehm, 1988)

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