History of Technology in Research

History of Technology in Research

Chinmoy Sahu (U21Global Graduate School, Singapore)
Copyright: © 2013 |Pages: 11
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-4666-3918-8.ch001
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This chapter reviews the role that technology plays in facilitating research and its environment. Significant milestones in the evolution of information technology are reviewed before discussing the role of technology across various steps in the research process. The research process is broken down into eight logical steps to discuss the role of technology in substantial depth. Discussions on the role of technology also highlight the contribution of Web 2.0 tools to research and collaboration. The role of technology in facilitating the environment of research and making the process more effective is discussed briefly. The chapter also provides insights into the role of technology in safeguarding ethics in research. Common criticisms against over reliance on technology are also discussed while suggesting ideas to counter those criticisms. Finally, the scope for future research is reviewed and a summary of the discussions is provided. The primary objective of the chapter is to lead the readers to appreciate the role that technology has played in facilitating research by exposing them to current trends and past practices.
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Evolution Of Information Technology

The evolution of information technology has spanned across centuries and millenniums. Thus, it is impossible to identify and list all the milestones since inception. Moreover, going back too much into the past may create issues of irrelevance. To make things easier, Reilly (2003) created a list of the top ten consolidated milestones in approximate order of development. The last three milestones in that list of ten deserve a brief mention, as follows:

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