Knowledge Creation

Knowledge Creation

Nilmini Wickramasinghe
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-59904-933-5.ch239
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Knowledge management (KM) is a newly emerging approach aimed at addressing today’s business challenges to increase efficiency and efficacy of core business processes, while simultaneously incorporating continuous innovation. The need for knowledge management is based on a paradigm shift in the business environment where knowledge is now considered to be central to organizational performance and integral to the attainment of a sustainable competitive advantage (Davenport & Grover, 2001; Drucker, 1993). Knowledge creation is not only a key first step in most knowledge management initiatives, but also has far reaching implications on consequent steps in the KM process, thus making knowledge creation an important focus area within knowledge management. Currently, different theories exist for explaining knowledge creation. These tend to approach the area of knowledge creation from either a people perspective—including Nonaka’s Knowledge Spiral, as well as Spender’s and Blackler’s respective frameworks—or from a technology perspective—namely, the KDD process and data mining.

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