Knowledge Management in Academic Community: Code and Content-Based Plagiarism Prevention MARG

Knowledge Management in Academic Community: Code and Content-Based Plagiarism Prevention MARG

Karuna Puri (Symbiosis Institute of Technology, India) and Preeti Mulay (Symbiosis Institute of Technology, India)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-8057-7.ch024

Abstract

Students are roots of a country's economic-expansion, often opt for different forms of Code-Content based Plagiarism in University Programming-Labs to avoid time-consuming and challenging academic tasks or due to grades, and peers pressure. Students may lack analytical and logical program development skills. This urges for need of Smart and Computationally-Intelligent system like University Code-Content Plagiarism Prevention Model (UCCPM) to keep a check and prevent incidences of plagiarism in Universities. Integration of ‘UCCPM Intelligence' with ‘MARG's Prevention' would prove to be a beneficial Academic Predictive Model. It would open new vistas of knowledge oriented academic-research and knowledge management in academic and research community. Key to nation's wealth is knowledge, which in turn, traces back to academic research and the level of knowledge attained among students' in Universities. Hence the undertaken research provides directions to Universities to smartly detect cases of plagiarism and take appropriate measures to prevent it.
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Introduction

Knowledge is like money: to be of value it must circulate, and in circulating it can increase in quantity and, hopefully, in value - Louis L’Amour, author

Figure 1.

UCCPM Knowledge Management Process Cycle

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Plagiarism is a hindrance to Knowledge Management (Alan Frost). Hence UCCPM acquires knowledge about student’s behaviour of writing assignments. It also acquires knowledge about faculty's evaluation system design for student per semester to prevent plagiarism. UCCPM also incrementally generates knowledge in cyclic way as shown in Knowledge Management (KM) cycle, about possible plagiarism activities by students, reasons/catalysts behind plagiarism and redesigning of recommendations, assignments and preventive measures by faculty to curb growing rate of plagiarism. UCCPM also augments knowledge over various semesters about effectiveness of assigned lab assignments, grading system used for evaluation and iterative changes in acceptable levels of plagiarism by various universities as per their plagiarism policies/laws. UCCPM along with MARG is confluence of many disciplines and entities including social media, programming logic development, code-cloning, use of IT techniques, behaviour of student etc.

Figure 2.

Mind-Map for Complete System

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In today’s digital era of Internet, emergence of bulk of data every day is becoming very common, which is processed further to form knowledge. But what about managing this humongous knowledge to derive maximum benefit out of it? This solely depends on principles of KM (Michael E. D. Koenig) that need to be embodied in every individual working at different levels like students in institutions and employees in different organizations. KM will bring about knowledge driven culture and capability across different individuals. This in turn will work as power house for a country’s economic development.

The basic economic resource - the means of production - is no longer capital, nor natural resources, nor labor. It is and will be knowledge. - By Peter Drucker

KM roots originates and spreads from institutions in form of conducted academic research and further spreads to different levels of organization. But at times the pace of producing new knowledge lacks to compete with emergence of data available on Internet every day. As same plagiarized/duplicate knowledge is continuously being exchanged among individuals at different levels merely due to advancement in technological inventions which have made humans life especially students very convenient. But the fact “No Pain No Gain” is very much true till date.

Knowledge management will never work until individuals and organizations realize it’s not about how you capture knowledge but how you create and leverage it. - By Etienne Wenger

Youth i.e. ‘students’ who are future of our nation, often may opt. for different forms of plagiarism in Universities for their sake of convenience and to avoid tough and time-consuming tireless academic tasks. The mere reasons for such behaviour observed among students is due to pressure of grades and peers, tough competition, lack of time, lack of availability of study material and increasing student social networks as well many times. This may motivate university students to indulge in activities of plagiarism i.e. ‘Copying from Internet/ Digital Resources’. But this have negative impact on students as they lack in developing analytical, conceptual, problem-solving and logical skills for competing in industry in future. Actually academic knowledge is base of all industries, and these days industries from all domains perform tasks related to IT. Hence developing and enhancing programming logic is a kind of mandate for today’s digitalized industries of different domains.

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