Knowledge Networks, Crowds, and Markets: A Social Entrepreneurship Project in Latin America

Knowledge Networks, Crowds, and Markets: A Social Entrepreneurship Project in Latin America

Blanca C. Garcia (El Colegio de la Frontera Norte (Colef), Mexico)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-3952-0.ch001

Abstract

In some knowledge-based urban contexts, a new way of conducting creativity and innovation is already operating quasi-independently of the current money system. Its chief ingredients are intangible assets such as time, imagination, knowledge, initiative, and trust, to which money has quickly moved from primary to secondary concern. In this context, this chapter explores their links to emerging models of Commons and Peer-to-Peer (P2P) economies in order to frame a recent crowdfunding experience in the Mexico-Texas borderland.
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2. Knowledge City Concepts

The Knowledge City concept is a subfield of Knowledge-based Development (KBD) and stems from a convergence of Urban Studies and Planning with Knowledge Management (KM) (Carrillo, 2006:xiii). In fact, KBD is the particularly distinctive third generation of KM, as shown in Table 1. While the first generation mainly addressed information storage, and the second generation made a clear shift ”from collecting knowledge to connecting people” (Huysman and Wulf, 2005), the third KM generation is the generation of complex, deeply inter-connected systems of knowledge generation and knowledge exchange. It focuses on systemic, societal change analysis, which is becoming increasingly predominant: “in the next years, knowledge management theorists and practitioners will find themselves asking how revolutions can be managed” (Toumi, 2002). In such intriguing context, our globe is seemingly turning into a world of parallel systems of meaning (Toumi, 2004:1).

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