Methodology of Creating Ontology of Information Science (OIS)

Methodology of Creating Ontology of Information Science (OIS)

Ahlam F. Sawsaa (University of Huddersfield, UK & Benghazi University, Libya) and Joan Lu (University of Huddersfield, UK)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-2058-0.ch012
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In the previous chapter we have discussed the main fields related to the research: ontological engineering, knowledge management, and Virtual communities of practice. As stated before, our concern is representing domain knowledge by creating OIS ontology. After reviewing the ontology literature to find an appropriate theoretical perspective focusing on the content-related variables for theoretical model construction, we found that theories can help to define formal ontological properties that contribute to characterising the concepts. Meanwhile, ontologists nowadays have a choice of formal frameworks which derive from formal logic, algebra, category theory, set theory and Mereotopology. However, to gain a better understand of OIS ontology development and its role in semantic web, the framework is established to describe the main theoretical base. The theoretical base of our framework is based on ontology theoretic.
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Theoretical Approaches

Ontology theoretic is about concepts classification which based on faceted classification system, and ontology algebra which is based on Mereotopology theory.

Ontology is usually organized in taxonomy which contains a primitive model such as classes, relations, instances and axioms. This chapter presents the main theory of ontology developing from information science by organizing IS classification. To achieve the research objectives, which is based on category theory. The OIS ontology will defined as follows:

The Definition of OIS=

  • C: Is concepts of information science objects.

  • R: Is the relationship of the concepts.

  • A: Is the attributes of information science object.

  • X: Is axioms of the concepts.

  • I: Is instances.

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